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OntoWiktionary – Constructing an Ontology from the Collaborative Online Dictionary Wiktionary

Meyer, Christian M. and Gurevych, Iryna
Pazienza, Maria Teresa and Stellato, Armando (eds.) (2012):
OntoWiktionary – Constructing an Ontology from the Collaborative Online Dictionary Wiktionary.
In: Semi-Automatic Ontology Development: Processes and Resources, Hershey, PA, IGI Global, pp. 131-161, DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0188-8.ch006,
[Online-Edition: https://www.igi-global.com/chapter/ontowiktionary-constructi...],
[Book Section]

Abstract

The semi-automatic development of ontologies is an important field of research, since existing ontologies often suffer from their small size, unaffordable construction cost, and limited quality of ontology learning systems. The main objective of this chapter is to introduce Wiktionary, which is a collaborative online dictionary encoding information about words, word senses, and relations between them, as a resource for ontology construction. The authors find that a Wiktionary-based ontology can exceed the size of, for example, OpenCyc and OntoWordNet. One particular advantage of Wiktionary is its multilingual nature, which allows the construction of ontologies for different languages. Additionally, its collaborative construction approach means that novel concepts and domain-specific knowledge are quick to appear in the dictionary.

For constructing their ontology OntoWiktionary, the authors present a two-step approach that involves (1) harvesting structured knowledge from Wiktionary and (2) ontologizing this knowledge (i.e., the formation of ontological concepts and relationships from the harvested knowledge). They evaluate their approach based on human judgments and find their new ontology to be of overall good quality. To encourage further research in this field, the authors make the final OntoWiktionary publicly available and suggest integrating this novel resource with the linked data cloud as well as other existing ontology projects.

Item Type: Book Section
Erschienen: 2012
Editors: Pazienza, Maria Teresa and Stellato, Armando
Creators: Meyer, Christian M. and Gurevych, Iryna
Title: OntoWiktionary – Constructing an Ontology from the Collaborative Online Dictionary Wiktionary
Language: English
Abstract:

The semi-automatic development of ontologies is an important field of research, since existing ontologies often suffer from their small size, unaffordable construction cost, and limited quality of ontology learning systems. The main objective of this chapter is to introduce Wiktionary, which is a collaborative online dictionary encoding information about words, word senses, and relations between them, as a resource for ontology construction. The authors find that a Wiktionary-based ontology can exceed the size of, for example, OpenCyc and OntoWordNet. One particular advantage of Wiktionary is its multilingual nature, which allows the construction of ontologies for different languages. Additionally, its collaborative construction approach means that novel concepts and domain-specific knowledge are quick to appear in the dictionary.

For constructing their ontology OntoWiktionary, the authors present a two-step approach that involves (1) harvesting structured knowledge from Wiktionary and (2) ontologizing this knowledge (i.e., the formation of ontological concepts and relationships from the harvested knowledge). They evaluate their approach based on human judgments and find their new ontology to be of overall good quality. To encourage further research in this field, the authors make the final OntoWiktionary publicly available and suggest integrating this novel resource with the linked data cloud as well as other existing ontology projects.

Title of Book: Semi-Automatic Ontology Development: Processes and Resources
Place of Publication: Hershey, PA
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 978-1-4666-0188-8
Uncontrolled Keywords: UKP_a_NLP4Wikis;UKP_p_EduWeb;reviewed;UKP_s_JWKTL
Divisions: 20 Department of Computer Science
20 Department of Computer Science > Ubiquitous Knowledge Processing
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2016 14:29
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0188-8.ch006
Official URL: https://www.igi-global.com/chapter/ontowiktionary-constructi...
Additional Information:

This chapter appears in Semi-Automatic Ontology Development: Processes and Resources edited by Maria Teresa Pazienza and Armando Stellato, Copyright 2012, IGI Global, www.igi-global.com. Posted by permission of the publisher.

Identification Number: TUD-CS-2011-0202
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