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Implementing and evaluating a software-independent voting system for polling station elections

Budurushi, Jurlind and Jöris, Roman and Volkamer, Melanie (2014):
Implementing and evaluating a software-independent voting system for polling station elections.
In: Journal of Information Security and Applications, pp. 1-10, 19, (2), DOI: 10.1016/j.jisa.2014.03.001,
[Article]

Abstract

In 2009 the German Federal Constitutional Court introduced the principle of “public nature of elections” (Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, March 2009). This principle requires that when using electronic voting systems it must be possible for the citizen to verify the essential steps in the election process and in the ascertainment of the results reliably and without special expert knowledge. Unfortunately, none of the existing systems complies with this principle. As a result, the use of electronic voting systems in Germany for parliamentary elections has stopped. Nevertheless, electronic voting systems are necessary and would improve the situation, especially for elections with complex ballots and voting rules, for example some local elections in Germany or parliamentary elections in Belgium and Luxembourg. The concept proposed by Volkamer et al. (Volkamer et al., 2011) was analyzed by a legal expert and evaluated to comply with the German legal requirements for local elections in the state of Hesse (Henning et al., 2012). In this paper we specify and concretize processes that were left open in the concept, and implement a prototype. We evaluated this prototype in a user study that was conducted alongside the university elections at the Technische Universtität Darmstadt in June 2013. The results of the study show that most of the participants were satisfied with the prototype and would support its use for the upcoming university elections. We also report some lessons learned.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2014
Creators: Budurushi, Jurlind and Jöris, Roman and Volkamer, Melanie
Title: Implementing and evaluating a software-independent voting system for polling station elections
Language: English
Abstract:

In 2009 the German Federal Constitutional Court introduced the principle of “public nature of elections” (Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, March 2009). This principle requires that when using electronic voting systems it must be possible for the citizen to verify the essential steps in the election process and in the ascertainment of the results reliably and without special expert knowledge. Unfortunately, none of the existing systems complies with this principle. As a result, the use of electronic voting systems in Germany for parliamentary elections has stopped. Nevertheless, electronic voting systems are necessary and would improve the situation, especially for elections with complex ballots and voting rules, for example some local elections in Germany or parliamentary elections in Belgium and Luxembourg. The concept proposed by Volkamer et al. (Volkamer et al., 2011) was analyzed by a legal expert and evaluated to comply with the German legal requirements for local elections in the state of Hesse (Henning et al., 2012). In this paper we specify and concretize processes that were left open in the concept, and implement a prototype. We evaluated this prototype in a user study that was conducted alongside the university elections at the Technische Universtität Darmstadt in June 2013. The results of the study show that most of the participants were satisfied with the prototype and would support its use for the upcoming university elections. We also report some lessons learned.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Information Security and Applications
Volume: 19
Number: 2
Uncontrolled Keywords: Security, Usability and Society;Secure Data
Divisions: LOEWE > LOEWE-Zentren > CASED – Center for Advanced Security Research Darmstadt
20 Department of Computer Science > SECUSO - Security, Usability and Society
20 Department of Computer Science > Theoretical Computer Science - Cryptography and Computer Algebra
Profile Areas > Cybersecurity (CYSEC)
LOEWE > LOEWE-Zentren
20 Department of Computer Science
Profile Areas
LOEWE
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2016 18:35
DOI: 10.1016/j.jisa.2014.03.001
Identification Number: TUD-CS-2014-0054
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