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Effect of pristine nanostructure on first cycle electrochemical characteristics of lithium-rich lithium–nickel–cobalt–manganese-oxide cathode ceramics for lithium ion batteries

Riekehr, Lars ; Liu, Jinlong ; Schwarz, Björn ; Sigel, Florian ; Kerkamm, Ingo ; Xia, Yongyao ; Ehrenberg, Helmut (2016):
Effect of pristine nanostructure on first cycle electrochemical characteristics of lithium-rich lithium–nickel–cobalt–manganese-oxide cathode ceramics for lithium ion batteries.
In: Journal of Power Sources, 306, pp. 135-147. Elsevier B.V., ISSN 03787753,
[Article]

Abstract

Structural and electrochemical (EC) data of five different xLi2MnO3:(1-x)Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 cathode ceramics are presented. The aim of this work is to highlight the nano structure of this material class, next to the choice of right composition, as the key to anomalously high discharge capacities > 250 mAhg�1. Therefore, the pristine nano composite structure of five different samples has been analyzed extensively by transition electron microscopy with respect to Li2MnO3 domain size, shape and dispersion. DIFFaX simulations and Rietveld refinements to synchrotron X-Ray diffraction patterns are used to confirm the TEM results with a statistically reliable bulk method. The EC characteristics of the first cycle have been evaluated with respect to an EC active Li2MnO3 component. By comparing the EC features of materials with x ¼ 0.3, x ¼ 0.5 and x ¼ 0.7, it is evident that a composition of x ¼ 0.5 is the most promising. To point out the impact of the pristine nano structure on the EC performance, three samples with x ¼ 0.5 but considerable different nano domain arrangement, are compared. A strong influence has been found, with the highest discharge capacities for nano composites with small and evenly dispersed Li2MnO3 domains. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2016
Creators: Riekehr, Lars ; Liu, Jinlong ; Schwarz, Björn ; Sigel, Florian ; Kerkamm, Ingo ; Xia, Yongyao ; Ehrenberg, Helmut
Title: Effect of pristine nanostructure on first cycle electrochemical characteristics of lithium-rich lithium–nickel–cobalt–manganese-oxide cathode ceramics for lithium ion batteries
Language: English
Abstract:

Structural and electrochemical (EC) data of five different xLi2MnO3:(1-x)Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 cathode ceramics are presented. The aim of this work is to highlight the nano structure of this material class, next to the choice of right composition, as the key to anomalously high discharge capacities > 250 mAhg�1. Therefore, the pristine nano composite structure of five different samples has been analyzed extensively by transition electron microscopy with respect to Li2MnO3 domain size, shape and dispersion. DIFFaX simulations and Rietveld refinements to synchrotron X-Ray diffraction patterns are used to confirm the TEM results with a statistically reliable bulk method. The EC characteristics of the first cycle have been evaluated with respect to an EC active Li2MnO3 component. By comparing the EC features of materials with x ¼ 0.3, x ¼ 0.5 and x ¼ 0.7, it is evident that a composition of x ¼ 0.5 is the most promising. To point out the impact of the pristine nano structure on the EC performance, three samples with x ¼ 0.5 but considerable different nano domain arrangement, are compared. A strong influence has been found, with the highest discharge capacities for nano composites with small and evenly dispersed Li2MnO3 domains. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Power Sources
Journal Volume: 306
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Uncontrolled Keywords: TEM, Li-rich NCM, Li-ion battery, DIFFaX simulation, Synchrotron XRD
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Erneuerbare Energien
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Structure Research
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2016 10:58
URL / URN: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.11.082
Identification Number: doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.11.082
Funders: Financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG within the Reserach Collaborative Centre SFB 595 “Electrical Fatigue in Functional Materials” (transfer project T3) is gratefully acknowledged.
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