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Processing of frequency-modulated stimuli in the chick auditory cortex analogue: evidence for topographic representations and possible mechanisms of rate and directional sensitivity.

Heil, P. ; Langner, Gerald ; Scheich, H. (1992):
Processing of frequency-modulated stimuli in the chick auditory cortex analogue: evidence for topographic representations and possible mechanisms of rate and directional sensitivity.
In: Journal of comparative physiology. A, Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology, 171 (5), pp. 583-600. [Article]

Abstract

Responses of units in the auditory forebrain (field L/hyperstriatum ventrale-complex) of awake domestic chicks were studied to frequency-modulated (FM) signals and isointensity tone bursts, presented to the ear contralateral to the recording sites. FM signals, linear frequency sweeps in the range of 50 Hz to 10.25 kHz, differed in the rate of change of frequency (RCF) and in the direction of modulation. The majority of RCF response functions obtained could be classified as predominantly ascending and bell shaped. Best rates of change of frequency (BRCFs), assigned to these functions, covered a range of nearly 3 orders of magnitude. BRCFs of the same units for upward (positive BRCFs) and for downward modulations (negative BRCFs) were correlated. The lowest BRCF encountered among all units for a given isointensity ON-response bandwidth (delta FON) increased as a function of delta FON. delta FON was derived from the responses to tone bursts of various frequencies at 70 dB SPL. As delta FON tended to increase with the best frequency (BF) of units the lowest BRCF encountered among all units for a given BF also increased as a function of BF. Positive and negative BRCFs of a unit were also correlated with the slopes of onset latency-frequency relationships below and above BF, respectively. FM responses were optimal, when the frequency-specific latency differences at a given unit were compensated by the direction and rate of frequency change in the signal. FM-directional sensitivity varied with BF. Most units with BFs below about 2 kHz preferred upward modulations, while those with BFs above 2 kHz preferred downward modulations. Directional preference and sensitivity correlated with asymmetric distributions of inhibitory sidebands around BF, as derived from the analysis of OFF-responses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1992
Creators: Heil, P. ; Langner, Gerald ; Scheich, H.
Title: Processing of frequency-modulated stimuli in the chick auditory cortex analogue: evidence for topographic representations and possible mechanisms of rate and directional sensitivity.
Language: English
Abstract:

Responses of units in the auditory forebrain (field L/hyperstriatum ventrale-complex) of awake domestic chicks were studied to frequency-modulated (FM) signals and isointensity tone bursts, presented to the ear contralateral to the recording sites. FM signals, linear frequency sweeps in the range of 50 Hz to 10.25 kHz, differed in the rate of change of frequency (RCF) and in the direction of modulation. The majority of RCF response functions obtained could be classified as predominantly ascending and bell shaped. Best rates of change of frequency (BRCFs), assigned to these functions, covered a range of nearly 3 orders of magnitude. BRCFs of the same units for upward (positive BRCFs) and for downward modulations (negative BRCFs) were correlated. The lowest BRCF encountered among all units for a given isointensity ON-response bandwidth (delta FON) increased as a function of delta FON. delta FON was derived from the responses to tone bursts of various frequencies at 70 dB SPL. As delta FON tended to increase with the best frequency (BF) of units the lowest BRCF encountered among all units for a given BF also increased as a function of BF. Positive and negative BRCFs of a unit were also correlated with the slopes of onset latency-frequency relationships below and above BF, respectively. FM responses were optimal, when the frequency-specific latency differences at a given unit were compensated by the direction and rate of frequency change in the signal. FM-directional sensitivity varied with BF. Most units with BFs below about 2 kHz preferred upward modulations, while those with BFs above 2 kHz preferred downward modulations. Directional preference and sensitivity correlated with asymmetric distributions of inhibitory sidebands around BF, as derived from the analysis of OFF-responses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of comparative physiology. A, Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology
Journal Volume: 171
Issue Number: 5
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 07 May 2015 12:52
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