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Pharmacological Inhibition of Platelet-Tumor Cell Cross-Talk Prevents Platelet-Induced Overexpression of Cyclooxygenase-2 in HT29 Human Colon Carcinoma Cells.

Dovizio, Melania ; Maier, Thorsten J. ; Alberti, Sara ; Di Francesco, Luigia ; Marcantoni, Emanuela ; Münch, Götz ; John, Constance M. ; Suess, Beatrix ; Sgambato, Alessandro ; Steinhilber, Dieter ; Patrignani, Paola (2013):
Pharmacological Inhibition of Platelet-Tumor Cell Cross-Talk Prevents Platelet-Induced Overexpression of Cyclooxygenase-2 in HT29 Human Colon Carcinoma Cells.
In: Molecular pharmacology, 84 (1), pp. 25-40. ISSN 1521-0111,
[Article]

Abstract

Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-derived prostanoids can influence several processes that are linked to carcinogenesis. We aimed to address the hypothesis that platelets contribute to aberrant COX-2 expression in HT29 colon carcinoma cells and to reveal the role of platelet-induced COX-2 on the expression of proteins involved in malignancy and marker genes of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Human platelets cocultured with HT29 cells rapidly adhered to cancer cells and induced COX-2 mRNA expression, but not protein synthesis, which required the late release of platelet-derived growth factor and COX-2 mRNA stabilization. Platelet-induced COX-2-dependent prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis in HT29 cells was involved in the downregulation of p21(WAF1/CIP1) and the upregulation of cyclinB1 since these effects were prevented by rofecoxib (a selective COX-2 inhibitor) and rescued by exogenous PGE2. Galectin-3, which is highly expressed in HT29 cells, is unique among galectins because it contains a collagen-like domain. Thus, we studied the role of galectin-3 and platelet collagen receptors in platelet-induced COX-2 overexpression. Inhibitors of galectin-3 function (β-lactose, a dominant-negative form of galectin-3, Gal-3C, and anti-galectin-3 antibody M3/38) or collagen receptor-mediated platelet adhesion (revacept, a dimeric platelet collagen receptor GPVI-Fc) prevented aberrant COX-2 expression. Inhibition of platelet-cancer cell interaction by revacept was more effective than rofecoxib in preventing platelet-induced mRNA changes of EMT markers, suggesting that direct cell-cell contact and aberrant COX-2 expression synergistically induced gene expression modifications associated with EMT. In conclusion, our findings provide the rationale for testing blockers of collagen binding sites, such as revacept, and galectin-3 inhibitors in the prevention of colon cancer metastasis in animal models, followed by studies in patients.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2013
Creators: Dovizio, Melania ; Maier, Thorsten J. ; Alberti, Sara ; Di Francesco, Luigia ; Marcantoni, Emanuela ; Münch, Götz ; John, Constance M. ; Suess, Beatrix ; Sgambato, Alessandro ; Steinhilber, Dieter ; Patrignani, Paola
Title: Pharmacological Inhibition of Platelet-Tumor Cell Cross-Talk Prevents Platelet-Induced Overexpression of Cyclooxygenase-2 in HT29 Human Colon Carcinoma Cells.
Language: English
Abstract:

Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-derived prostanoids can influence several processes that are linked to carcinogenesis. We aimed to address the hypothesis that platelets contribute to aberrant COX-2 expression in HT29 colon carcinoma cells and to reveal the role of platelet-induced COX-2 on the expression of proteins involved in malignancy and marker genes of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Human platelets cocultured with HT29 cells rapidly adhered to cancer cells and induced COX-2 mRNA expression, but not protein synthesis, which required the late release of platelet-derived growth factor and COX-2 mRNA stabilization. Platelet-induced COX-2-dependent prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis in HT29 cells was involved in the downregulation of p21(WAF1/CIP1) and the upregulation of cyclinB1 since these effects were prevented by rofecoxib (a selective COX-2 inhibitor) and rescued by exogenous PGE2. Galectin-3, which is highly expressed in HT29 cells, is unique among galectins because it contains a collagen-like domain. Thus, we studied the role of galectin-3 and platelet collagen receptors in platelet-induced COX-2 overexpression. Inhibitors of galectin-3 function (β-lactose, a dominant-negative form of galectin-3, Gal-3C, and anti-galectin-3 antibody M3/38) or collagen receptor-mediated platelet adhesion (revacept, a dimeric platelet collagen receptor GPVI-Fc) prevented aberrant COX-2 expression. Inhibition of platelet-cancer cell interaction by revacept was more effective than rofecoxib in preventing platelet-induced mRNA changes of EMT markers, suggesting that direct cell-cell contact and aberrant COX-2 expression synergistically induced gene expression modifications associated with EMT. In conclusion, our findings provide the rationale for testing blockers of collagen binding sites, such as revacept, and galectin-3 inhibitors in the prevention of colon cancer metastasis in animal models, followed by studies in patients.

Journal or Publication Title: Molecular pharmacology
Journal volume: 84
Number: 1
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Synthetic Genetic Circuits
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2013 07:07
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