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Flame retardant polyester by combination of organophosphorus compounds and an NOR radical forming agent

Goedderz, Daniela ; Weber, Lais ; Markert, Daniel ; Schießer, Alexander ; Fasel, Claudia ; Riedel, Ralf ; Altstädt, Volker ; Bethke, Christian ; Fuhr, Olaf ; Puchtler, Florian ; Breu, Josef ; Döring, Manfred (2023)
Flame retardant polyester by combination of organophosphorus compounds and an NOR radical forming agent.
In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2020, 137 (1)
doi: 10.26083/tuprints-00024255
Article, Secondary publication, Postprint

Abstract

Polymer materials with different surface-to-volume ratios require different mechanisms of flame retardants regarding condensed phase and gas phase activity. The flame retardant formulations in poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) are investigated regarding a condensed phase and gas phase activity by using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), TG-mass spectrometry (MS), TG-Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), UL94, cone calorimeter and scanning electron microscopy–energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer measurements. The flame retardant formulations containing phosphates, phosphonates, and phosphinates as flame retardants are analyzed by using a simultaneous analysis consisting of a differential thermal analysis-TGA device which is in situ coupled to FTIR and MS. All analysis methods show a gas phase activity for the phosphonate (PCO 910), a condensed phase activity for the phosphate (3,9-bis(phenoxy)-2,4,8,10-tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro-5,5-undecane-3,9-dioxide, (SPDPP) and a mixed condensed and gas phase activity for the new synthesized phosphate and 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene 10-oxide containing flame retardant 3,9-bis(phenoxy)-2,4,8,10-tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro-5,5-undecane-3,9-dioxide (SPDPDOM). The fire behavior of PCO 910 can be improved by adding O,O'-Terephthaloyl-bis-N,N'-naphthalimide ester as NOR radical-forming agent (NOR-RF) reaching a total amount of 3 wt % of both active agents for a UL94 V-0 classification in PET.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2023
Creators: Goedderz, Daniela ; Weber, Lais ; Markert, Daniel ; Schießer, Alexander ; Fasel, Claudia ; Riedel, Ralf ; Altstädt, Volker ; Bethke, Christian ; Fuhr, Olaf ; Puchtler, Florian ; Breu, Josef ; Döring, Manfred
Type of entry: Secondary publication
Title: Flame retardant polyester by combination of organophosphorus compounds and an NOR radical forming agent
Language: English
Date: 2023
Place of Publication: Darmstadt
Year of primary publication: 2020
Publisher: Wiley
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume of the journal: 137
Issue Number: 1
Collation: 16 Seiten
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00024255
URL / URN: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/24255
Corresponding Links:
Origin: Secondary publication service
Abstract:

Polymer materials with different surface-to-volume ratios require different mechanisms of flame retardants regarding condensed phase and gas phase activity. The flame retardant formulations in poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) are investigated regarding a condensed phase and gas phase activity by using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), TG-mass spectrometry (MS), TG-Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), UL94, cone calorimeter and scanning electron microscopy–energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer measurements. The flame retardant formulations containing phosphates, phosphonates, and phosphinates as flame retardants are analyzed by using a simultaneous analysis consisting of a differential thermal analysis-TGA device which is in situ coupled to FTIR and MS. All analysis methods show a gas phase activity for the phosphonate (PCO 910), a condensed phase activity for the phosphate (3,9-bis(phenoxy)-2,4,8,10-tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro-5,5-undecane-3,9-dioxide, (SPDPP) and a mixed condensed and gas phase activity for the new synthesized phosphate and 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene 10-oxide containing flame retardant 3,9-bis(phenoxy)-2,4,8,10-tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro-5,5-undecane-3,9-dioxide (SPDPDOM). The fire behavior of PCO 910 can be improved by adding O,O'-Terephthaloyl-bis-N,N'-naphthalimide ester as NOR radical-forming agent (NOR-RF) reaching a total amount of 3 wt % of both active agents for a UL94 V-0 classification in PET.

Status: Postprint
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-242555
Classification DDC: 500 Science and mathematics > 540 Chemistry
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering and machine engineering
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Dispersive Solids
07 Department of Chemistry
07 Department of Chemistry > Ernst-Berl-Institut > Fachgebiet Makromolekulare Chemie
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2023 09:34
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2023 05:37
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