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Determination of electrical properties of degraded mixed ionic conductors: Impedance studies with applied dc voltage

Bayer, Thorsten J. M. ; Carter, J. J. ; Wang, Jian-Jun ; Klein, Andreas ; Chen, Long-Qing ; Randall, Clive A. (2021):
Determination of electrical properties of degraded mixed ionic conductors: Impedance studies with applied dc voltage. (Publisher's Version)
In: Journal of Applied Physics, 122 (24), AIP Publishing, ISSN 0021-8979, e-ISSN 1089-7550,
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00019913,
[Article]

Abstract

Under electrical bias, mixed ionic conductors such as SrTiO₃ are characterized by oxygen vacancy migration which leads to resistance degradation. The defect chemistry to describe the relationship between conductivity and oxygen vacancies is usually obtained by high temperature conductivity data or quenching experiments. These techniques can investigate the equilibrated state only. Here, we introduce a new approach using in-situ impedance studies with applied dc voltage to analyze the temperature dependent electrical properties of degraded SrTiO₃ single crystals. This procedure is most beneficial since it includes electric field driven effects. The benefits of the approach are highlighted by comparing acceptor doped and undoped SrTiO₃. This approach allows the determination of the temperature activation of both anodic and cathodic conductivity of Fe-doped SrTiO₃ in the degraded state. The anodic activation energy matches well with the published results, while the activation energy of the degraded cathode region reported here is not in agreement with earlier assumptions. The specific discrepancies of the experimental data and the published defect chemistry are discussed, and a defect chemistry model that includes the strong temperature dependence of the electron conductivity in the cathode region is proposed.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2021
Creators: Bayer, Thorsten J. M. ; Carter, J. J. ; Wang, Jian-Jun ; Klein, Andreas ; Chen, Long-Qing ; Randall, Clive A.
Origin: Secondary publication service
Status: Publisher's Version
Title: Determination of electrical properties of degraded mixed ionic conductors: Impedance studies with applied dc voltage
Language: English
Abstract:

Under electrical bias, mixed ionic conductors such as SrTiO₃ are characterized by oxygen vacancy migration which leads to resistance degradation. The defect chemistry to describe the relationship between conductivity and oxygen vacancies is usually obtained by high temperature conductivity data or quenching experiments. These techniques can investigate the equilibrated state only. Here, we introduce a new approach using in-situ impedance studies with applied dc voltage to analyze the temperature dependent electrical properties of degraded SrTiO₃ single crystals. This procedure is most beneficial since it includes electric field driven effects. The benefits of the approach are highlighted by comparing acceptor doped and undoped SrTiO₃. This approach allows the determination of the temperature activation of both anodic and cathodic conductivity of Fe-doped SrTiO₃ in the degraded state. The anodic activation energy matches well with the published results, while the activation energy of the degraded cathode region reported here is not in agreement with earlier assumptions. The specific discrepancies of the experimental data and the published defect chemistry are discussed, and a defect chemistry model that includes the strong temperature dependence of the electron conductivity in the cathode region is proposed.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Physics
Journal Volume: 122
Issue Number: 24
Publisher: AIP Publishing
Collation: 8 Seiten
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Surface Science
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2021 12:32
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00019913
URL / URN: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/19913
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-199130
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