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Robust Object Detection by Interleaving Categorization and Segmentation

Leibe, Bastian and Leonardis, Aleš and Schiele, Bernt (2006):
Robust Object Detection by Interleaving Categorization and Segmentation.
In: International Journal of Computer Vision, [Article]

Abstract

This paper presents a new method for visual object categorization, i.e.~for recognizing previously unseen objects, localizing them in cluttered images, and assigning the correct category label. It considers object categorization and figure-ground segmentation as two interleaved processes that closely collaborate towards a common goal. As shown in our work, the tight coupling between those two processes allows them to profit from each other and improve the combined performance. The core part of our work is a highly flexible learned representation for object shape that can combine the information observed on different training examples in a probabilistic extension of the Generalized Hough Transform. The resulting approach can detect categorical objects in novel images and automatically infer a probabilistic segmentation from the recognition result. This segmentation is then used to again improve recognition by allowing the system to focus its efforts on object pixels and discard misleading influences from the background. Moreover, the information from where in the image a hypothesis draws its support is used in an MDL based hypothesis verification stage to resolve ambiguities between overlapping hypotheses and factor out the effects of partial occlusion. An extensive evaluation on several large data sets shows that the proposed system is applicable to a range of different object categories, including both rigid and articulated objects. In addition, its flexible representation allows it to achieve competitive object detection performance already from training sets that are between one and two orders of magnitude smaller than those used in comparable systems.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2006
Creators: Leibe, Bastian and Leonardis, Aleš and Schiele, Bernt
Title: Robust Object Detection by Interleaving Categorization and Segmentation
Language: German
Abstract:

This paper presents a new method for visual object categorization, i.e.~for recognizing previously unseen objects, localizing them in cluttered images, and assigning the correct category label. It considers object categorization and figure-ground segmentation as two interleaved processes that closely collaborate towards a common goal. As shown in our work, the tight coupling between those two processes allows them to profit from each other and improve the combined performance. The core part of our work is a highly flexible learned representation for object shape that can combine the information observed on different training examples in a probabilistic extension of the Generalized Hough Transform. The resulting approach can detect categorical objects in novel images and automatically infer a probabilistic segmentation from the recognition result. This segmentation is then used to again improve recognition by allowing the system to focus its efforts on object pixels and discard misleading influences from the background. Moreover, the information from where in the image a hypothesis draws its support is used in an MDL based hypothesis verification stage to resolve ambiguities between overlapping hypotheses and factor out the effects of partial occlusion. An extensive evaluation on several large data sets shows that the proposed system is applicable to a range of different object categories, including both rigid and articulated objects. In addition, its flexible representation allows it to achieve competitive object detection performance already from training sets that are between one and two orders of magnitude smaller than those used in comparable systems.

Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Computer Vision
Divisions: 20 Department of Computer Science
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2016 10:04
Identification Number: ijcv2005Leibe
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