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Concept and design of the BioBiped1 robot for human-like walking and running

Radkhah, Kathayon and Maufroy, Christophe and Maus, Moritz and Scholz, Dorian and Seyfarth, André and Stryk, Oskar von and Stryk, Oskar von (2011):
Concept and design of the BioBiped1 robot for human-like walking and running.
In: International Journal of Humanoid Robotics, pp. 439-458, 8, (3), DOI: 10.1142/S0219843611002587,
[Article]

Abstract

Biomechanics research shows that the ability of the human locomotor system depends on the functionality of a highly compliant motor system that enables a variety of different motions (such as walking and running) and control paradigms (such as flexible combination of feedforward and feedback controls strategies) and reliance on stabilizing properties of compliant gaits. As a new approach of transferring this knowledge into a humanoid robot, the design and implementation of the first of a planned series of biologically inspired, compliant, and musculoskeletal robots is presented in this paper. Its three-segmented legs are actuated by compliant mono- and biarticular structures, which mimic the main nine human leg muscle groups, by applying series elastic actuation consisting of cables and springs in combination with electrical actuators. By means of this platform, we aim to transfer versatile human locomotion abilities, namely running and later on walking, into one humanoid robot design. First experimental results for passive rebound, as well as push-off with active knee and ankle joints, and synchronous and alternate hopping are described and discussed. BioBiped1 will serve for further evaluation of the validity of biomechanical concepts for humanoid locomotion.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2011
Creators: Radkhah, Kathayon and Maufroy, Christophe and Maus, Moritz and Scholz, Dorian and Seyfarth, André and Stryk, Oskar von and Stryk, Oskar von
Title: Concept and design of the BioBiped1 robot for human-like walking and running
Language: English
Abstract:

Biomechanics research shows that the ability of the human locomotor system depends on the functionality of a highly compliant motor system that enables a variety of different motions (such as walking and running) and control paradigms (such as flexible combination of feedforward and feedback controls strategies) and reliance on stabilizing properties of compliant gaits. As a new approach of transferring this knowledge into a humanoid robot, the design and implementation of the first of a planned series of biologically inspired, compliant, and musculoskeletal robots is presented in this paper. Its three-segmented legs are actuated by compliant mono- and biarticular structures, which mimic the main nine human leg muscle groups, by applying series elastic actuation consisting of cables and springs in combination with electrical actuators. By means of this platform, we aim to transfer versatile human locomotion abilities, namely running and later on walking, into one humanoid robot design. First experimental results for passive rebound, as well as push-off with active knee and ankle joints, and synchronous and alternate hopping are described and discussed. BioBiped1 will serve for further evaluation of the validity of biomechanical concepts for humanoid locomotion.

Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Humanoid Robotics
Volume: 8
Number: 3
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hopping; running; jogging; walking; biped; biomechanics; humanoid locomotion; compliance; mechanical elasticity; series elastic actuation
Divisions: 20 Department of Computer Science
20 Department of Computer Science > Simulation, Systems Optimization and Robotics Group
03 Department of Human Sciences
03 Department of Human Sciences > Institut für Sportwissenschaft
03 Department of Human Sciences > Institut für Sportwissenschaft > Sportbiomechanik
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2016 23:26
DOI: 10.1142/S0219843611002587
Identification Number: 2011:IJHR-BioBiped
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