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Emergency Communication in Challenged Environments via Unmanned Ground and Aerial Vehicles

Baumgärtner, Lars and Kohlbrecher, Stefan and Euler, Juliane and Ritter, Tobias and Stute, Milan and Meurisch, Christian and Mühlhäuser, Max and Hollick, Matthias and Stryk, Oskar von and Freisleben, Bernd (2017):
Emergency Communication in Challenged Environments via Unmanned Ground and Aerial Vehicles.
In: IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), San Jose, CA, USA, IEEE, In: 2017 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), pp. 1-9, DOI: 10.1109/GHTC.2017.8239244,
[Online-Edition: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8239244],
[Conference or Workshop Item]

Abstract

Unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are promising assets to support rescue operations in natural or man-made disasters. Most UGVs and UAVs deployed in the field today depend on human operators and reliable network connections to the vehicles. However, network connections in challenged environments are often lost, thus control can no longer be exercised. In this paper, we present a novel approach to emergency communication where semi-autonomous UGVs and UAVs cooperate with humans to dynamically form communication islands and establish communication bridges between these islands. Humans typically form an island with their mobile devices if they are in physical proximity; UGVs and UAVs extend an island's range by carrying data to a neighboring island. The proposed approach uses delay/disruption-tolerant networking for non-time critical tasks and direct mesh connections for prioritized tasks that require real-time feedback. The developed communication platform runs on rescue robots, commodity mobile devices, and various drones, and supports our operations and control center software for disaster management.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Erschienen: 2017
Creators: Baumgärtner, Lars and Kohlbrecher, Stefan and Euler, Juliane and Ritter, Tobias and Stute, Milan and Meurisch, Christian and Mühlhäuser, Max and Hollick, Matthias and Stryk, Oskar von and Freisleben, Bernd
Title: Emergency Communication in Challenged Environments via Unmanned Ground and Aerial Vehicles
Language: English
Abstract:

Unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are promising assets to support rescue operations in natural or man-made disasters. Most UGVs and UAVs deployed in the field today depend on human operators and reliable network connections to the vehicles. However, network connections in challenged environments are often lost, thus control can no longer be exercised. In this paper, we present a novel approach to emergency communication where semi-autonomous UGVs and UAVs cooperate with humans to dynamically form communication islands and establish communication bridges between these islands. Humans typically form an island with their mobile devices if they are in physical proximity; UGVs and UAVs extend an island's range by carrying data to a neighboring island. The proposed approach uses delay/disruption-tolerant networking for non-time critical tasks and direct mesh connections for prioritized tasks that require real-time feedback. The developed communication platform runs on rescue robots, commodity mobile devices, and various drones, and supports our operations and control center software for disaster management.

Title of Book: IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC)
Place of Publication: San Jose, CA, USA
Publisher: IEEE
Uncontrolled Keywords: autonomous aerial vehicles;control engineering computing;disasters;emergency management;mobile communication;multi-robot systems;path planning;remotely operated vehicles;rescue robots;telerobotics;emergency communication;challenged environments;unmanned ground vehicles;unmanned aerial vehicles;UAVs;rescue operations;human operators;reliable network connections;semiautonomous UGVs;communication islands;communication bridges;neighboring island;nontime critical tasks;direct mesh connections;developed communication platform;rescue robots;commodity mobile devices;natural disasters;man-made disasters;delay-disruption-tolerant networking;Robot sensing systems;Bridges;Mobile communication;Unmanned aerial vehicles;Real-time systems
Divisions: 20 Department of Computer Science
20 Department of Computer Science > Sichere Mobile Netze
20 Department of Computer Science > Telecooperation
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
LOEWE
LOEWE > LOEWE-Schwerpunkte
LOEWE > LOEWE-Schwerpunkte > NiCER – Networked infrastructureless Cooperation for Emergency Response
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanisms Adaptation for the Future Internet
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanisms Adaptation for the Future Internet > A: Construction Methodology
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanisms Adaptation for the Future Internet > A: Construction Methodology > Subproject A3: Migration
Event Title: 2017 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC)
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2017 03:33
DOI: 10.1109/GHTC.2017.8239244
Official URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8239244
Additional Information:

Published

Identification Number: TUD-CS-2017-0208
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