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Inoculum effects on community composition and nitritation performance of autotrophic nitrifying biofilm reactors with counter-diffusion geometry

Terada, Akihiko and Lackner, Susanne and Kristensen, K. and Smets, Barth F. (2010):
Inoculum effects on community composition and nitritation performance of autotrophic nitrifying biofilm reactors with counter-diffusion geometry.
In: Environmental Microbiology, pp. 2858-2872, 12, (10), [Article]

Abstract

The link between nitritation success in a membrane-aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) and the composition of the initial ammonia- and nitrite-oxidizing bacterial (AOB and NOB) population was investigated. Four identically operated flat-sheet type MABRs were initiated with two different inocula: from an autotrophic nitrifying bioreactor (Inoculum A) or from a municipal wastewater treatment plant (Inoculum B). Higher nitritation efficiencies (NO2--N/NH4+ -N) were obtained in the Inoculum B- (55.2-56.4%) versus the Inoculum A- (20.2-22.1%) initiated reactors. The biofilms had similar oxygen penetration depths (100-150 mu m), but the AOB profiles [based on 16S rRNA gene targeted real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR)] revealed different peak densities at or distant from the membrane surface in the Inoculum B- versus A-initiated reactors, respectively. Quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) revealed that the predominant AOB in the Inoculum A- and B-initiated reactors were Nitrosospira spp. (48.9-61.2%) versus halophilic and halotolerant Nitrosomonas spp. (54.8-63.7%), respectively. The latter biofilm displayed a higher specific AOB activity than the former biofilm (1.65 fmol cell-1 h-1 versus 0.79 fmol cell-1 h-1). These observations suggest that the AOB and NOB population compositions of the inoculum may determine dominant AOB in the MABR biofilm, which in turn affects the degree of attainable nitritation in an MABR.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2010
Creators: Terada, Akihiko and Lackner, Susanne and Kristensen, K. and Smets, Barth F.
Title: Inoculum effects on community composition and nitritation performance of autotrophic nitrifying biofilm reactors with counter-diffusion geometry
Language: English
Abstract:

The link between nitritation success in a membrane-aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) and the composition of the initial ammonia- and nitrite-oxidizing bacterial (AOB and NOB) population was investigated. Four identically operated flat-sheet type MABRs were initiated with two different inocula: from an autotrophic nitrifying bioreactor (Inoculum A) or from a municipal wastewater treatment plant (Inoculum B). Higher nitritation efficiencies (NO2--N/NH4+ -N) were obtained in the Inoculum B- (55.2-56.4%) versus the Inoculum A- (20.2-22.1%) initiated reactors. The biofilms had similar oxygen penetration depths (100-150 mu m), but the AOB profiles [based on 16S rRNA gene targeted real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR)] revealed different peak densities at or distant from the membrane surface in the Inoculum B- versus A-initiated reactors, respectively. Quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) revealed that the predominant AOB in the Inoculum A- and B-initiated reactors were Nitrosospira spp. (48.9-61.2%) versus halophilic and halotolerant Nitrosomonas spp. (54.8-63.7%), respectively. The latter biofilm displayed a higher specific AOB activity than the former biofilm (1.65 fmol cell-1 h-1 versus 0.79 fmol cell-1 h-1). These observations suggest that the AOB and NOB population compositions of the inoculum may determine dominant AOB in the MABR biofilm, which in turn affects the degree of attainable nitritation in an MABR.

Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Microbiology
Volume: 12
Number: 10
Divisions: 13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institute IWAR > Wastewater Engineering
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institute IWAR
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2018 10:54
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