TU Darmstadt / ULB / TUbiblio

Opportunistic Named Functions in Disruption-tolerant Emergency Networks

Graubner, Pablo ; Lampe, Patrick ; Höchst, Jonas ; Baumgärtner, Lars ; Mezini, Mira ; Freisleben, Bernd :
Opportunistic Named Functions in Disruption-tolerant Emergency Networks.
In: ACM International Conference on Computing Frontiers 2018 (ACM CF'18), Ischia, Italy. Ischia, Italy
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2018)

Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract)

Information-centric disruption-tolerant networks (ICN-DTNs) are useful to re-establish mobile communication in disaster scenarios when telecommunication infrastructures are partially or completely unavailable. In this paper, we present opportunistic named functions, a novel approach to operate ICN-DTNs during emergencies. Affected people and first responders use their mobile devices to specify their interests in particular content and/or application-specific functions that are then executed in the network on the fly, either partially or totally, in an opportunistic manner. Opportunistic named functions rely on user-defined interests and on locally optimal decisions based on battery lifetimes and device capabilities. In the presented emergency scenario, they are used to preprocess, analyze, integrate and transfer information extracted from images produced by smartphone cameras, with the aim of supporting the search for missing persons and the assessment of critical conditions in a disaster area. Experimental results show that opportunistic named functions reduce network congestion and improve battery lifetime in a network of battery-powered sensors, mobile devices, and mobile routers, while delivering crucial information to carry out situation analysis in disasters.

Typ des Eintrags: Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag (Keine Angabe)
Erschienen: 2018
Autor(en): Graubner, Pablo ; Lampe, Patrick ; Höchst, Jonas ; Baumgärtner, Lars ; Mezini, Mira ; Freisleben, Bernd
Titel: Opportunistic Named Functions in Disruption-tolerant Emergency Networks
Sprache: Englisch
Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract):

Information-centric disruption-tolerant networks (ICN-DTNs) are useful to re-establish mobile communication in disaster scenarios when telecommunication infrastructures are partially or completely unavailable. In this paper, we present opportunistic named functions, a novel approach to operate ICN-DTNs during emergencies. Affected people and first responders use their mobile devices to specify their interests in particular content and/or application-specific functions that are then executed in the network on the fly, either partially or totally, in an opportunistic manner. Opportunistic named functions rely on user-defined interests and on locally optimal decisions based on battery lifetimes and device capabilities. In the presented emergency scenario, they are used to preprocess, analyze, integrate and transfer information extracted from images produced by smartphone cameras, with the aim of supporting the search for missing persons and the assessment of critical conditions in a disaster area. Experimental results show that opportunistic named functions reduce network congestion and improve battery lifetime in a network of battery-powered sensors, mobile devices, and mobile routers, while delivering crucial information to carry out situation analysis in disasters.

Ort: Ischia, Italy
Freie Schlagworte: named function networking; information-centric networks; delay-tolerant emergency networks; energy efficiency
Fachbereich(e)/-gebiet(e): 20 Fachbereich Informatik
20 Fachbereich Informatik > Softwaretechnik
DFG-Sonderforschungsbereiche (inkl. Transregio)
DFG-Sonderforschungsbereiche (inkl. Transregio) > Sonderforschungsbereiche
DFG-Sonderforschungsbereiche (inkl. Transregio) > Sonderforschungsbereiche > SFB 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanismen-Adaption für das künftige Internet
DFG-Sonderforschungsbereiche (inkl. Transregio) > Sonderforschungsbereiche > SFB 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanismen-Adaption für das künftige Internet > A: Konstruktionsmethodik
DFG-Sonderforschungsbereiche (inkl. Transregio) > Sonderforschungsbereiche > SFB 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanismen-Adaption für das künftige Internet > A: Konstruktionsmethodik > Teilprojekt A2: Entwurf
DFG-Sonderforschungsbereiche (inkl. Transregio) > Sonderforschungsbereiche > SFB 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanismen-Adaption für das künftige Internet > A: Konstruktionsmethodik > Teilprojekt A3: Migration
DFG-Sonderforschungsbereiche (inkl. Transregio) > Sonderforschungsbereiche > SFB 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanismen-Adaption für das künftige Internet > B: Adaptionsmechanismen
DFG-Sonderforschungsbereiche (inkl. Transregio) > Sonderforschungsbereiche > SFB 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanismen-Adaption für das künftige Internet > B: Adaptionsmechanismen > Teilprojekt B3: Adaptionsökonomie
DFG-Sonderforschungsbereiche (inkl. Transregio) > Sonderforschungsbereiche > SFB 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanismen-Adaption für das künftige Internet > C: Kommunikationsmechanismen
DFG-Sonderforschungsbereiche (inkl. Transregio) > Sonderforschungsbereiche > SFB 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanismen-Adaption für das künftige Internet > C: Kommunikationsmechanismen > Teilprojekt C5: Kontextzentrische Sicht
Veranstaltungstitel: ACM International Conference on Computing Frontiers 2018 (ACM CF'18)
Veranstaltungsort: Ischia, Italy
Hinterlegungsdatum: 15 Mär 2018 14:04
Export:

Optionen (nur für Redakteure)

Eintrag anzeigen Eintrag anzeigen