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Control-oriented modeling of geothermal borefield thermal dynamics through Hammerstein-Wiener models

Atam, E. and Schulte, D. O. and Arteconi, A. and Sass, I. and Helsen, L. :
Control-oriented modeling of geothermal borefield thermal dynamics through Hammerstein-Wiener models.
[Online-Edition: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148117...]
In: Renewable Energy, 120 pp. 468-477. ISSN 09601481
[Article] , (2018)

Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148117...

Abstract

Geothermal energy is considered a clean and sustainable form of renewable energy, that can be exploited directly or indirectly by means of specific devices. Ground-coupled heat pumps are widely used systems to obtain this energy. Control of ground-coupled heat pump systems, where thermal energy is extracted or injected from and to a geothermal borefield, is important for optimal geothermal energy use in the building sector and smart grids. Model-based control of such systems is potentially an optimal solution but this requires control-oriented models for the borefield thermal dynamics, which is quite complicated due to thermal interactions between the boreholes, large-scale nonlinear system dynamics, transient surface boundary conditions, etc. In this paper, we propose and demonstrate the successful identification of these complex dynamics through simple and well-structured nonlinear Hammerstein-Wiener models, which can be used in some advanced convex model-based control algorithms. The results are validated for different borefield configurations and parameters with reference to a detailed finite-element borefield thermal model. Finally, a set of advanced convex model-based control methods are shortly described where Hammerstein-Wiener models can be used as control models.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2018
Creators: Atam, E. and Schulte, D. O. and Arteconi, A. and Sass, I. and Helsen, L.
Title: Control-oriented modeling of geothermal borefield thermal dynamics through Hammerstein-Wiener models
Language: English
Abstract:

Geothermal energy is considered a clean and sustainable form of renewable energy, that can be exploited directly or indirectly by means of specific devices. Ground-coupled heat pumps are widely used systems to obtain this energy. Control of ground-coupled heat pump systems, where thermal energy is extracted or injected from and to a geothermal borefield, is important for optimal geothermal energy use in the building sector and smart grids. Model-based control of such systems is potentially an optimal solution but this requires control-oriented models for the borefield thermal dynamics, which is quite complicated due to thermal interactions between the boreholes, large-scale nonlinear system dynamics, transient surface boundary conditions, etc. In this paper, we propose and demonstrate the successful identification of these complex dynamics through simple and well-structured nonlinear Hammerstein-Wiener models, which can be used in some advanced convex model-based control algorithms. The results are validated for different borefield configurations and parameters with reference to a detailed finite-element borefield thermal model. Finally, a set of advanced convex model-based control methods are shortly described where Hammerstein-Wiener models can be used as control models.

Journal or Publication Title: Renewable Energy
Volume: 120
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science > Geothermal Science and Technology
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2018 07:13
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.12.105
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148117...
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