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Virtual Reality in the Operating Room of the Future

Müller, Wolfgang and Großkopf, Stefan and Hildebrand, Axel and Malkewitz, Rainer and Ziegler, Rolf (1997):
Virtual Reality in the Operating Room of the Future.
In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics; 39, IOS Press, Amsterdam, Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 1997. Proceedings, [Conference or Workshop Item]

Abstract

In cooperation with the Max Delbrueck Centrum/Robert-Roessle-Klinik (MDC/RRK) in Berlin, the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics is currently designing and developing a scenario for the operating room of the future. The goal of this project is to integrate new analysis, visualization and interaction tools in order to optimize and refine tumor diagnostics and therapy in combination with laser technology and remote stereoscopic video transfer. Hence, a human 3-D reference model is constructed using CT, MR, and anatomical cryosection images from the National Library of Medicine's Visible Human Project. Applying segmentation algorithms and surface-polygonization methods a 3-D representation is obtained. In addition, a "fly-through" the virtual patient is realized using 3-D input devices (data glove, tracking system, 6-DOF mouse). In this way, the surgeon can experience really new perspectives of the human anatomy. Moreover, using a virtual cutting plane any cut of the CT volume can be interactively placed and visualized in realtime. In conclusion, this project delivers visions for the application of effective visualization and VR systems. Commonly known as Virtual Prototyping and applied by the automotive industry long ago, this project shows, that the use of VR techniques can also prototype an operating room. After evaluating design and functionality of the virtual operating room, MDC plans to build real ORs in the near future. The use of VR techniques provides a more natural interface for the surgeon in the OR (e.g., controlling interactions by voice input). Besides preoperative planning future work will focus on supporting the surgeon in performing surgical interventions. An optimal synthesis of real and synthetic data and the inclusion of visual, aural, and tactile senses in virtual environments can meet these requirements. This Augmented Reality could represent the environment for the surgeons of tomorrow.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Erschienen: 1997
Creators: Müller, Wolfgang and Großkopf, Stefan and Hildebrand, Axel and Malkewitz, Rainer and Ziegler, Rolf
Title: Virtual Reality in the Operating Room of the Future
Language: English
Abstract:

In cooperation with the Max Delbrueck Centrum/Robert-Roessle-Klinik (MDC/RRK) in Berlin, the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics is currently designing and developing a scenario for the operating room of the future. The goal of this project is to integrate new analysis, visualization and interaction tools in order to optimize and refine tumor diagnostics and therapy in combination with laser technology and remote stereoscopic video transfer. Hence, a human 3-D reference model is constructed using CT, MR, and anatomical cryosection images from the National Library of Medicine's Visible Human Project. Applying segmentation algorithms and surface-polygonization methods a 3-D representation is obtained. In addition, a "fly-through" the virtual patient is realized using 3-D input devices (data glove, tracking system, 6-DOF mouse). In this way, the surgeon can experience really new perspectives of the human anatomy. Moreover, using a virtual cutting plane any cut of the CT volume can be interactively placed and visualized in realtime. In conclusion, this project delivers visions for the application of effective visualization and VR systems. Commonly known as Virtual Prototyping and applied by the automotive industry long ago, this project shows, that the use of VR techniques can also prototype an operating room. After evaluating design and functionality of the virtual operating room, MDC plans to build real ORs in the near future. The use of VR techniques provides a more natural interface for the surgeon in the OR (e.g., controlling interactions by voice input). Besides preoperative planning future work will focus on supporting the surgeon in performing surgical interventions. An optimal synthesis of real and synthetic data and the inclusion of visual, aural, and tactile senses in virtual environments can meet these requirements. This Augmented Reality could represent the environment for the surgeons of tomorrow.

Series Name: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics; 39
Publisher: IOS Press, Amsterdam
Uncontrolled Keywords: Interaction techniques, Virtual patients, Virtual reality in medicine, Computer assisted surgery
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
20 Department of Computer Science
20 Department of Computer Science > Interactive Graphics Systems
Event Title: Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 1997. Proceedings
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2018 09:07
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