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Physically Based Deformable Models in Computer Graphics

Nealen, Andrew and Müller, Matthias and Keiser, Richard and Boxermann, Eddy and Carlson, Mark (2005):
Physically Based Deformable Models in Computer Graphics.
The Eurographics Association, In: Eurographics 2005. STAR - State of the Art Reports, [Conference or Workshop Item]

Abstract

Physically based deformable models have been widely embraced by the Computer Graphics community. Many problems outlined in a previous survey by Gibson and Mirtich GM97 have been addressed, thereby making these models interesting and useful for both offline and real-time applications, such as motion pictures and video games. In this paper, we present the most significant contributions of the past decade, which produce such impressive and perceivably realistic animations and simulations: finite element/difference/volume methods, mass-spring systems, meshfree methods, coupled particle systems and reduced deformable models based on modal analysis. For completeness, we also make a connection to the simulation of other continua, such as fluids, gases and melting objects. Since time integration is inherent to all simulated phenomena, the general notion of time discretization is treated separately, while specifics are left to the respective models. Finally, we discuss areas of application, such as elastoplastic deformation and fracture, cloth and hair animation, virtual surgery simulation, interactive entertainment and fluid/smoke animation, and also suggest areas for future research.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Erschienen: 2005
Creators: Nealen, Andrew and Müller, Matthias and Keiser, Richard and Boxermann, Eddy and Carlson, Mark
Title: Physically Based Deformable Models in Computer Graphics
Language: German
Abstract:

Physically based deformable models have been widely embraced by the Computer Graphics community. Many problems outlined in a previous survey by Gibson and Mirtich GM97 have been addressed, thereby making these models interesting and useful for both offline and real-time applications, such as motion pictures and video games. In this paper, we present the most significant contributions of the past decade, which produce such impressive and perceivably realistic animations and simulations: finite element/difference/volume methods, mass-spring systems, meshfree methods, coupled particle systems and reduced deformable models based on modal analysis. For completeness, we also make a connection to the simulation of other continua, such as fluids, gases and melting objects. Since time integration is inherent to all simulated phenomena, the general notion of time discretization is treated separately, while specifics are left to the respective models. Finally, we discuss areas of application, such as elastoplastic deformation and fracture, cloth and hair animation, virtual surgery simulation, interactive entertainment and fluid/smoke animation, and also suggest areas for future research.

Publisher: The Eurographics Association
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physically based modeling, Animation, Virtual reality (VR)
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
20 Department of Computer Science
20 Department of Computer Science > Interactive Graphics Systems
Event Title: Eurographics 2005. STAR - State of the Art Reports
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2018 09:04
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