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A usability case study of algorithmic differentiation tools on the ISSM ice sheet model

Hück, Alexander and Bischof, Christian and Sagebaum, Max and Gauger, Nicolas R. and Jurgelucks, Benjamin and Larour, Eric and Perez, Gilberto (2017):
A usability case study of algorithmic differentiation tools on the ISSM ice sheet model.
In: Optimization Methods and Software, pp. 1-24, ISSN 1055-6788,
DOI: 10.1080/10556788.2017.1396602,
[Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1080/10556788.2017.1396602],
[Article]

Abstract

Algorithmic differentiation (AD) based on operator overloading is often the only feasible approach for applying AD in complex C++ software environments. Challenges pertaining to the introduction of an AD tool based on operator overloading have been studied in the past. However, in order to assess possible performance gains or to verify derivative values, it is advantageous to be able to apply more than one AD tool to a given code. Hence, in this work, we investigate usability issues when exchanging AD tools. Our study is based on the NASA/JPL/UCI Ice Sheet System Model (ISSM) which currently employs the AD tool ADOL-C. We introduce CoDiPack to ISSM, a more recent AD tool offering a similar set of features while promising performance improvements. In addition to the obvious type change for the AD-augmented float type, this transition requires the change to a different adjoint MPI library, adaptation of the MUMPS solver wrapper, and changes to the derivative seeding and extraction routines. We believe that these issues are fairly generic for numerical simulation software, and the issues we report on provide a blueprint for similar undertakings. We also believe that our experiences provide guidance towards the development of AD interfaces that support AD tool interoperability. In addition, we improve upon the memory management of the existing ADOL-C instrumentation, which exhibited considerable runtime problems for higher mesh resolutions. We conduct serial and parallel ISSM model runs on a 2D mass transport benchmark as well as a model of the Pine Island Glacier to verify the derivatives computed by both tools and report on runtime performance and memory usage. In comparison, the CoDiPack AD variant of ISSM runs faster with less memory overhead than the ADOL-C variant and, thus, enables future model runs with an increased number of mesh elements. But the existence of two different AD implementations provides added confidence in the correctness of derivatives, in particular for future AD tool versions.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2017
Creators: Hück, Alexander and Bischof, Christian and Sagebaum, Max and Gauger, Nicolas R. and Jurgelucks, Benjamin and Larour, Eric and Perez, Gilberto
Title: A usability case study of algorithmic differentiation tools on the ISSM ice sheet model
Language: English
Abstract:

Algorithmic differentiation (AD) based on operator overloading is often the only feasible approach for applying AD in complex C++ software environments. Challenges pertaining to the introduction of an AD tool based on operator overloading have been studied in the past. However, in order to assess possible performance gains or to verify derivative values, it is advantageous to be able to apply more than one AD tool to a given code. Hence, in this work, we investigate usability issues when exchanging AD tools. Our study is based on the NASA/JPL/UCI Ice Sheet System Model (ISSM) which currently employs the AD tool ADOL-C. We introduce CoDiPack to ISSM, a more recent AD tool offering a similar set of features while promising performance improvements. In addition to the obvious type change for the AD-augmented float type, this transition requires the change to a different adjoint MPI library, adaptation of the MUMPS solver wrapper, and changes to the derivative seeding and extraction routines. We believe that these issues are fairly generic for numerical simulation software, and the issues we report on provide a blueprint for similar undertakings. We also believe that our experiences provide guidance towards the development of AD interfaces that support AD tool interoperability. In addition, we improve upon the memory management of the existing ADOL-C instrumentation, which exhibited considerable runtime problems for higher mesh resolutions. We conduct serial and parallel ISSM model runs on a 2D mass transport benchmark as well as a model of the Pine Island Glacier to verify the derivatives computed by both tools and report on runtime performance and memory usage. In comparison, the CoDiPack AD variant of ISSM runs faster with less memory overhead than the ADOL-C variant and, thus, enables future model runs with an increased number of mesh elements. But the existence of two different AD implementations provides added confidence in the correctness of derivatives, in particular for future AD tool versions.

Journal or Publication Title: Optimization Methods and Software
Uncontrolled Keywords: algorithmic differentiation, reverse mode, usability, operator overloading, type exchange, ISSM
Divisions: 20 Department of Computer Science > Scientific Computing
Zentrale Einrichtungen > University IT-Service and Computing Centre (HRZ) > Hochleistungsrechner
Zentrale Einrichtungen > University IT-Service and Computing Centre (HRZ)
20 Department of Computer Science
Zentrale Einrichtungen
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2017 13:06
DOI: 10.1080/10556788.2017.1396602
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/10556788.2017.1396602
Funders: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG GA 857/16-1)
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