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Clade II nitrous oxide respiration of Wolinella succinogenes depends on the NosG, -C1, -C2, -H electron transport module, NosB and a Rieske/cytochrome bc complex.

Hein, Sascha and Witt, Samantha and Simon, Jörg (2017):
Clade II nitrous oxide respiration of Wolinella succinogenes depends on the NosG, -C1, -C2, -H electron transport module, NosB and a Rieske/cytochrome bc complex.
19, In: Environmental microbiology, (12), pp. 4913-4925. ISSN 1462-2920,
[Article]

Abstract

Microbial reduction of nitrous oxide (N2 O) is an environmentally significant process in the biogeochemical nitrogen cycle. However, it has been recognized only recently that the gene encoding N2 O reductase (nosZ) is organized in varying genetic contexts, thereby defining clade I (or "typical") and clade II (or "atypical") N2 O reductases and nos gene clusters. This study addresses the enzymology of the clade II Nos system from Wolinella succinogenes, a nitrate-ammonifying and N2 O-respiring Epsilonproteobacterium that contains a cytochrome c N2 O reductase (cNosZ). The characterization of single non-polar nos gene deletion mutants demonstrated that the NosG, -C1, -C2, -H and -B proteins were essential for N2 O respiration. Moreover, cells of a W. succinogenes mutant lacking a putative menaquinol-oxidizing Rieske/cytochrome bc complex (QcrABC) were found to be incapable of N2 O (and also nitrate) respiration. Proton motive menaquinol oxidation by N2 O is suggested, supported by the finding that the molar yield for W. succinogenes cells grown by N2 O respiration using formate as electron donor exceeded that fumarate respiration by about 30 %. The results demand revision of the electron transport chain model of clade II N2 O respiration and challenge the assumption that NosGH(NapGH)-type iron-sulfur proteins are menaquinol-reactive. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2017
Creators: Hein, Sascha and Witt, Samantha and Simon, Jörg
Title: Clade II nitrous oxide respiration of Wolinella succinogenes depends on the NosG, -C1, -C2, -H electron transport module, NosB and a Rieske/cytochrome bc complex.
Language: English
Abstract:

Microbial reduction of nitrous oxide (N2 O) is an environmentally significant process in the biogeochemical nitrogen cycle. However, it has been recognized only recently that the gene encoding N2 O reductase (nosZ) is organized in varying genetic contexts, thereby defining clade I (or "typical") and clade II (or "atypical") N2 O reductases and nos gene clusters. This study addresses the enzymology of the clade II Nos system from Wolinella succinogenes, a nitrate-ammonifying and N2 O-respiring Epsilonproteobacterium that contains a cytochrome c N2 O reductase (cNosZ). The characterization of single non-polar nos gene deletion mutants demonstrated that the NosG, -C1, -C2, -H and -B proteins were essential for N2 O respiration. Moreover, cells of a W. succinogenes mutant lacking a putative menaquinol-oxidizing Rieske/cytochrome bc complex (QcrABC) were found to be incapable of N2 O (and also nitrate) respiration. Proton motive menaquinol oxidation by N2 O is suggested, supported by the finding that the molar yield for W. succinogenes cells grown by N2 O respiration using formate as electron donor exceeded that fumarate respiration by about 30 %. The results demand revision of the electron transport chain model of clade II N2 O respiration and challenge the assumption that NosGH(NapGH)-type iron-sulfur proteins are menaquinol-reactive. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Journal or Publication Title: Environmental microbiology
Volume: 19
Number: 12
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Microbial Energy Conversion and Biotechnology
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2017 07:39
Identification Number: pmid:28925551
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