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Suitability of a Cretaceous Natural Na-Bentonite as Construction Material for Landfill Liners

Musso, Telma Belen and Francisca, F. M. and Pettinari, G. and Roehl, Karl Ernst (2016):
Suitability of a Cretaceous Natural Na-Bentonite as Construction Material for Landfill Liners.
In: Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, pp. 2519-2528, 15, (11), [Article]

Abstract

A natural Cretaceous sodium (Na) bentonite from North Patagonia, Argentine, is considered a potential construction material for landfill liners. It is studied alone and in mixtures with sand. Physical and chemical properties of the Na-bentonite were determined to verify the suitability of this material for the construction of low permeability mineral liners. Hydraulic conductivity measurements were conducted on pure bentonite and on mixtures of poorly graded sand with 3, 6, 9 and 12% of Na-bentonite. Compaction and hydraulic conductivity tests were performed using deionized water and a 1000 mol/m3 CaCl2 solution to determine the effects of a high concentrated saline solution on the hydraulic properties of compacted sand-bentonite mixtures. The experimental results confirm that the pure powdered bentonite meets current specifications to be used as part of a geosynthetic clay liner (GCL), and that ageing effects may affect the hydraulic behavior of this material. Compacted sand-bentonite mixtures required a minimum bentonite content of 6% in order to achieve hydraulic conductivities lower than 1 x 10-9 m/s which is a regular requirement for hydraulic containment liners. However, in contact with a strong saline solution (1000 mol/m3 CaCl2), the permeability of the mixtures increased between three and five orders of magnitude. This indicates that a higher percent of bentonite is required to reach an acceptable hydraulic conductivity value when the mixtures are permeated with a CaCl2 solution. The results show that a new applicability was found for bentonites of regional provenance as well as high reserves which have a naturally very high amount of sodium.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2016
Creators: Musso, Telma Belen and Francisca, F. M. and Pettinari, G. and Roehl, Karl Ernst
Title: Suitability of a Cretaceous Natural Na-Bentonite as Construction Material for Landfill Liners
Language: English
Abstract:

A natural Cretaceous sodium (Na) bentonite from North Patagonia, Argentine, is considered a potential construction material for landfill liners. It is studied alone and in mixtures with sand. Physical and chemical properties of the Na-bentonite were determined to verify the suitability of this material for the construction of low permeability mineral liners. Hydraulic conductivity measurements were conducted on pure bentonite and on mixtures of poorly graded sand with 3, 6, 9 and 12% of Na-bentonite. Compaction and hydraulic conductivity tests were performed using deionized water and a 1000 mol/m3 CaCl2 solution to determine the effects of a high concentrated saline solution on the hydraulic properties of compacted sand-bentonite mixtures. The experimental results confirm that the pure powdered bentonite meets current specifications to be used as part of a geosynthetic clay liner (GCL), and that ageing effects may affect the hydraulic behavior of this material. Compacted sand-bentonite mixtures required a minimum bentonite content of 6% in order to achieve hydraulic conductivities lower than 1 x 10-9 m/s which is a regular requirement for hydraulic containment liners. However, in contact with a strong saline solution (1000 mol/m3 CaCl2), the permeability of the mixtures increased between three and five orders of magnitude. This indicates that a higher percent of bentonite is required to reach an acceptable hydraulic conductivity value when the mixtures are permeated with a CaCl2 solution. The results show that a new applicability was found for bentonites of regional provenance as well as high reserves which have a naturally very high amount of sodium.

Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Engineering and Management Journal
Volume: 15
Number: 11
Uncontrolled Keywords: clay liner, GCL, landfill liner, Na-bentonite, sand-bentonite mixture
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2017 06:51
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