TU Darmstadt / ULB / TUbiblio

Design of Traffic Signals at Urban Signalized Intersections

Mitra, Sidhartha (2004):
Design of Traffic Signals at Urban Signalized Intersections.
TU Darmstadt, [Master Thesis]

Abstract

Human population as well as car population are increasing rapidly as time progresses. This makes the scenario in urban areas specifically in Central Business District (CBD) worse day by day. It has become almost impossible to cope up with the ever-increasing demand of the population. Providing supply in the form of increased road widths, flyovers, bridges, new links, etc. is no longer a wise solution. So one of the efficient ways to solve the problem is through Traffic Management by the use of Traffic Signals at intersections because intersections form a vital part of the CBD road network. An attempt has been made to reduce the number of short trips by car and encourage walking, cycling, skating, wheel chairs, (non-motorised vulnerable users) etc. by prioritising them in signal design phases. This will increase the utilization of the puplic resources (liberty for all) and will help in the reduction of congestion related problems in CBD's. An added advantage of this method shall be the reduction of fuel consumption and environmental pollution (air, noise) in the surrounding environment. The idea was to consider the various requirements of different user groups at the same time and thereby developing a multi objective equation with multicriteria or Measure Of Performance (MOP). Here in this work DELAY was chosen as the MOP - pedestrian delay, vehicular delay, bicyclist's delay, and public tansport delay with different weightages based on priority. If total delay is minimized then automatically fuel consumption, environmental pollution, travel time, etc. will reduce and pedestrian, bicycles and public transport usage will increase.

Item Type: Master Thesis
Erschienen: 2004
Creators: Mitra, Sidhartha
Title: Design of Traffic Signals at Urban Signalized Intersections
Language: English
Abstract:

Human population as well as car population are increasing rapidly as time progresses. This makes the scenario in urban areas specifically in Central Business District (CBD) worse day by day. It has become almost impossible to cope up with the ever-increasing demand of the population. Providing supply in the form of increased road widths, flyovers, bridges, new links, etc. is no longer a wise solution. So one of the efficient ways to solve the problem is through Traffic Management by the use of Traffic Signals at intersections because intersections form a vital part of the CBD road network. An attempt has been made to reduce the number of short trips by car and encourage walking, cycling, skating, wheel chairs, (non-motorised vulnerable users) etc. by prioritising them in signal design phases. This will increase the utilization of the puplic resources (liberty for all) and will help in the reduction of congestion related problems in CBD's. An added advantage of this method shall be the reduction of fuel consumption and environmental pollution (air, noise) in the surrounding environment. The idea was to consider the various requirements of different user groups at the same time and thereby developing a multi objective equation with multicriteria or Measure Of Performance (MOP). Here in this work DELAY was chosen as the MOP - pedestrian delay, vehicular delay, bicyclist's delay, and public tansport delay with different weightages based on priority. If total delay is minimized then automatically fuel consumption, environmental pollution, travel time, etc. will reduce and pedestrian, bicycles and public transport usage will increase.

Divisions: 13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institutes of Transportation > Institute for Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institutes of Transportation
13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2016 14:36
Referees: Boltze, Prof. Dr. Manfred and Maitra, Dr. Bhargab
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