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Paleocurrent direction measurements in volcanic settings by means of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility: A case study from the Lower Miocene Tepoztlán Formation (Transmexican Volcanic Belt, Central Mexico)

Lenhardt, Nils and Böhnel, Harald and Hinderer, Matthias and Hornung, Jens (2013):
Paleocurrent direction measurements in volcanic settings by means of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility: A case study from the Lower Miocene Tepoztlán Formation (Transmexican Volcanic Belt, Central Mexico).
In: Sedimentary Geology, Elsevier, pp. 1-14, 290, [Online-Edition: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0037073813...],
[Article]

Abstract

Sources of ancient volcanic rocks are often unknown if they are either eroded and/or covered by younger deposits. This problem, as well as the provenance of reworked volcaniclastic, fluvial and mass-flow deposits, can be partially solved by the application of anisotropy of the magnetic susceptibility (AMS). For massive and poorly sorted volcaniclastic rocks in particular this may be the only way of finding reliable transport directions and therefore allowing for paleogeographic reconstructions. Here, we present a data set of 428 AMS measurements and 249 measurements of sedimentary paleocurrent indicators from the Miocene Tepoztlán Formation at the southern edge of the Transmexican Volcanic Belt (Central Mexico). The highest degree of reliability of AMS measurements is gained for data from lava samples and the lowest from mass flows. Sedimentary structures in sandstones and conglomerates such as trough cross-stratification, asymmetric ripple marks, and the shape of scours and channels could be used to calibrate the results from AMS data and to prove their reliability. AMS data on fluvial deposits point to a drainage system with a W–E flow direction, indicating an outflow of the river system into the ancient Gulf of Mexico.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2013
Creators: Lenhardt, Nils and Böhnel, Harald and Hinderer, Matthias and Hornung, Jens
Title: Paleocurrent direction measurements in volcanic settings by means of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility: A case study from the Lower Miocene Tepoztlán Formation (Transmexican Volcanic Belt, Central Mexico)
Language: English
Abstract:

Sources of ancient volcanic rocks are often unknown if they are either eroded and/or covered by younger deposits. This problem, as well as the provenance of reworked volcaniclastic, fluvial and mass-flow deposits, can be partially solved by the application of anisotropy of the magnetic susceptibility (AMS). For massive and poorly sorted volcaniclastic rocks in particular this may be the only way of finding reliable transport directions and therefore allowing for paleogeographic reconstructions. Here, we present a data set of 428 AMS measurements and 249 measurements of sedimentary paleocurrent indicators from the Miocene Tepoztlán Formation at the southern edge of the Transmexican Volcanic Belt (Central Mexico). The highest degree of reliability of AMS measurements is gained for data from lava samples and the lowest from mass flows. Sedimentary structures in sandstones and conglomerates such as trough cross-stratification, asymmetric ripple marks, and the shape of scours and channels could be used to calibrate the results from AMS data and to prove their reliability. AMS data on fluvial deposits point to a drainage system with a W–E flow direction, indicating an outflow of the river system into the ancient Gulf of Mexico.

Journal or Publication Title: Sedimentary Geology
Volume: 290
Publisher: Elsevier
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science > Applied Sedimentary Geology
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2015 11:27
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0037073813...
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