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Ceramic Nanocomposites from Tailor-Made Preceramic Polymers

Mera, Gabriela and Gallei, Markus and Bernard, Samuel and Ionescu, Emanuel (2015):
Ceramic Nanocomposites from Tailor-Made Preceramic Polymers.
In: Nanomaterials, MDPI AG (Basel, Switzerland) , pp. 468-540, 5, (2), ISSN 2079-4991,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano5020468],
[Article]

Abstract

The present Review addresses current developments related to polymer-derived ceramic nanocomposites (PDC-NCs). Different classes of preceramic polymers are briefly introduced and their conversion into ceramic materials with adjustable phase compositions and microstructures is presented. Emphasis is set on discussing the intimate relationship between the chemistry and structural architecture of the precursor and the structural features and properties of the resulting ceramic nanocomposites. Various structural and functional properties of silicon-containing ceramic nanocomposites as well as different preparative strategies to achieve nano-scaled PDC-NC-based ordered structures are highlighted, based on selected ceramic nanocomposite systems. Furthermore, prospective applications of the PDC-NCs such as high-temperature stable materials for thermal protection systems, membranes for hot gas separation purposes, materials for heterogeneous catalysis, nano-confinement materials for hydrogen storage applications as well as anode materials for secondary ion batteries are introduced and discussed in detail.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2015
Creators: Mera, Gabriela and Gallei, Markus and Bernard, Samuel and Ionescu, Emanuel
Title: Ceramic Nanocomposites from Tailor-Made Preceramic Polymers
Language: English
Abstract:

The present Review addresses current developments related to polymer-derived ceramic nanocomposites (PDC-NCs). Different classes of preceramic polymers are briefly introduced and their conversion into ceramic materials with adjustable phase compositions and microstructures is presented. Emphasis is set on discussing the intimate relationship between the chemistry and structural architecture of the precursor and the structural features and properties of the resulting ceramic nanocomposites. Various structural and functional properties of silicon-containing ceramic nanocomposites as well as different preparative strategies to achieve nano-scaled PDC-NC-based ordered structures are highlighted, based on selected ceramic nanocomposite systems. Furthermore, prospective applications of the PDC-NCs such as high-temperature stable materials for thermal protection systems, membranes for hot gas separation purposes, materials for heterogeneous catalysis, nano-confinement materials for hydrogen storage applications as well as anode materials for secondary ion batteries are introduced and discussed in detail.

Journal or Publication Title: Nanomaterials
Volume: 5
Number: 2
Publisher: MDPI AG (Basel, Switzerland)
Uncontrolled Keywords: ceramic nanocomposites, polymer-derived ceramic nanocomposites (PDC-NCs), preceramic polymers, metallopolymers, polymer-to-ceramic conversion
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Dispersive Solids
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2015 09:32
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano5020468
Identification Number: doi:10.3390/nano5020468
Funders: Gabriela Mera, Markus Gallei and Emanuel Ionescu acknowledge financial support from the German Research Foundation (DFG)., Additionally, financial support within the frame of the FP7 European Initial Training Network FUNEA (Functional Nitrides for Energy Applications) is gratefully acknowledged.
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