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Solution synthesis of nanoparticular binary transition metal antimonides.

Kieslich, Gregor and Birkel, Christina S. and Stewart, Andrew and Kolb, Ute and Tremel, Wolfgang (2011):
Solution synthesis of nanoparticular binary transition metal antimonides.
In: Inorganic chemistry, pp. 6938-6943, 50, (15), [Online-Edition: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21736318],
[Article]

Abstract

The preparation of nanoengineered materials with controlled nanostructures, for example, with an anisotropic phase segregated structure or a regular periodicity rather than with a broad range of interparticle distances, has remained a synthetic challenge for intermetallics. Artificially structured materials, including multilayers, amorphous alloys, quasicrystals, metastable crystalline alloys, or granular metals, are mostly prepared using physical gas phase procedures. We report a novel, powerful solution-mediated approach for the formation of nanoparticular binary antimonides based on presynthesized antimony nanoparticles. The transition metal antimonides M-Sb (M = Co, Ni, Cu(2), Zn) were obtained with sizes ranging from 20 and 60 nm. Through careful control of the reaction conditions, single-phase nanoparticular antimonides were synthesized. The nanophases were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction and (high resolution) electron microscopy. The approach is based on activated metal nanoparticles as precursors for the synthesis of the intermetallic compounds. X-ray powder diffraction studies of reaction intermediates allowed monitoring of the reaction kinetics. The small particle size of the reactants ensures short diffusion paths, low activation barriers, and low reaction temperatures, thereby eliminating solid-solid diffusion as the rate-limiting step in conventional bulk-scale solid-state synthesis.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2011
Creators: Kieslich, Gregor and Birkel, Christina S. and Stewart, Andrew and Kolb, Ute and Tremel, Wolfgang
Title: Solution synthesis of nanoparticular binary transition metal antimonides.
Language: English
Abstract:

The preparation of nanoengineered materials with controlled nanostructures, for example, with an anisotropic phase segregated structure or a regular periodicity rather than with a broad range of interparticle distances, has remained a synthetic challenge for intermetallics. Artificially structured materials, including multilayers, amorphous alloys, quasicrystals, metastable crystalline alloys, or granular metals, are mostly prepared using physical gas phase procedures. We report a novel, powerful solution-mediated approach for the formation of nanoparticular binary antimonides based on presynthesized antimony nanoparticles. The transition metal antimonides M-Sb (M = Co, Ni, Cu(2), Zn) were obtained with sizes ranging from 20 and 60 nm. Through careful control of the reaction conditions, single-phase nanoparticular antimonides were synthesized. The nanophases were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction and (high resolution) electron microscopy. The approach is based on activated metal nanoparticles as precursors for the synthesis of the intermetallic compounds. X-ray powder diffraction studies of reaction intermediates allowed monitoring of the reaction kinetics. The small particle size of the reactants ensures short diffusion paths, low activation barriers, and low reaction temperatures, thereby eliminating solid-solid diffusion as the rate-limiting step in conventional bulk-scale solid-state synthesis.

Journal or Publication Title: Inorganic chemistry
Volume: 50
Number: 15
Divisions: 07 Department of Chemistry > Fachgebiet Anorganische Chemie
07 Department of Chemistry
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2014 10:59
Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21736318
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