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Structural disorder, magnetism, and electrical and thermoelectric properties of pyrochlore Nd2Ru2O7.

Gaultois, Michael W. and Barton, Phillip T. and Birkel, Christina S. and Misch, Lauren M. and Rodriguez, Efrain E. and Stucky, Galen D. and Seshadri, Ram (2013):
Structural disorder, magnetism, and electrical and thermoelectric properties of pyrochlore Nd2Ru2O7.
In: Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal, p. 186004, 25, (18), [Online-Edition: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23587787],
[Article]

Abstract

Polycrystalline Nd2Ru2O7 samples have been prepared and examined using a combination of structural, magnetic, and electrical and thermal transport studies. Analysis of synchrotron x-ray and neutron diffraction patterns suggests some site disorder on the A-site in the pyrochlore sublattice: Ru substitutes on the Nd-site up to 7.0(3)%, regardless of the different preparative conditions explored. Intrinsic magnetic and electrical transport properties have been measured. Ru 4d spins order antiferromagnetically at 143 K, as seen both in the susceptibility and in the specific heat, and there is a corresponding change in the electrical resistivity. The onset of a second antiferromagnetic ordering transition seen below 5 K is attributed to ordering of Nd 4f spins. Nd2Ru2O7 is an electrical insulator, and this behaviour is believed to be independent of the Ru-antisite disorder on the Nd-site. The electrical properties of Nd2Ru2O7 are presented in the light of data published on all A2Ru2O7 pyrochlores, and we emphasize the special structural role that Bi(3+) ions on the A-site play in driving metallic behaviour. High-temperature thermoelectric properties have also been measured. When considered in the context of known thermoelectric materials with useful figures-of-merit, it is clear that Nd2Ru2O7 has excessively high electrical resistivity which prevents it from being an effective thermoelectric. A method for screening candidate thermoelectrics is suggested.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2013
Creators: Gaultois, Michael W. and Barton, Phillip T. and Birkel, Christina S. and Misch, Lauren M. and Rodriguez, Efrain E. and Stucky, Galen D. and Seshadri, Ram
Title: Structural disorder, magnetism, and electrical and thermoelectric properties of pyrochlore Nd2Ru2O7.
Language: English
Abstract:

Polycrystalline Nd2Ru2O7 samples have been prepared and examined using a combination of structural, magnetic, and electrical and thermal transport studies. Analysis of synchrotron x-ray and neutron diffraction patterns suggests some site disorder on the A-site in the pyrochlore sublattice: Ru substitutes on the Nd-site up to 7.0(3)%, regardless of the different preparative conditions explored. Intrinsic magnetic and electrical transport properties have been measured. Ru 4d spins order antiferromagnetically at 143 K, as seen both in the susceptibility and in the specific heat, and there is a corresponding change in the electrical resistivity. The onset of a second antiferromagnetic ordering transition seen below 5 K is attributed to ordering of Nd 4f spins. Nd2Ru2O7 is an electrical insulator, and this behaviour is believed to be independent of the Ru-antisite disorder on the Nd-site. The electrical properties of Nd2Ru2O7 are presented in the light of data published on all A2Ru2O7 pyrochlores, and we emphasize the special structural role that Bi(3+) ions on the A-site play in driving metallic behaviour. High-temperature thermoelectric properties have also been measured. When considered in the context of known thermoelectric materials with useful figures-of-merit, it is clear that Nd2Ru2O7 has excessively high electrical resistivity which prevents it from being an effective thermoelectric. A method for screening candidate thermoelectrics is suggested.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal
Volume: 25
Number: 18
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electric Impedance,Electricity,Magnetics,Models, Chemical,Neodymium,Neodymium: chemistry,Neutron Diffraction,Niobium,Niobium: chemistry,Ruthenium,Ruthenium: chemistry,Temperature,Thermal Conductivity,X-Ray Diffraction
Divisions: 07 Department of Chemistry > Fachgebiet Anorganische Chemie
07 Department of Chemistry
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2014 10:58
Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23587787
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