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NMR studies of ultrafast intramolecular proton tautomerism in crystalline and amorphous - N,N '-diphenyl-6-aminofulvene-1-aldimine: Solid-state, kinetic isotope, and tunneling effects

del Amo, J. M. L. and Langer, U. and Torres, V. and Buntkowsky, G. and Vieth, H. M. and Perez-Torralba, M. and Sanz, D. and Claramunt, R. M. and Elguero, J. and Limbach, H. H. (2008):
NMR studies of ultrafast intramolecular proton tautomerism in crystalline and amorphous - N,N '-diphenyl-6-aminofulvene-1-aldimine: Solid-state, kinetic isotope, and tunneling effects.
130, In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, (27), pp. 8620-8632, [Online-Edition: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&se...],
[Article]

Abstract

Using solid-state NMR spectroscopy, we have detected and characterized ultrafast intramolecular proton tautomerism in the N-H-N hydrogen bonds of solid N,N'-diphenyl-6-aminofulvene-1-aldimine (I) on the microsecond-to-picosecond time scale. (15)N cross-polarization magic-angle-spinning NMR experiments using (1)H decoupling performed on polycrystalline I-(15)N(2) and the related compound N-phenyl-N'-(1,3,4-triazole)-6-aminofulvene-1-aldimine (II) provided information about the thermodynamics of the tautomeric processes. We found that II forms only a single tautomer but that the gas-phase degeneracy of the two tautomers of I is lifted by solid-state interactions. Rate constants, including H/D kinetic isotope effects (KIEs), on the microsecond-to-picosecond time scale were obtained by measuring and analyzing the longitudinal (15)N and (2)H relaxation times of I-(15)N(2), I-(15)N(2)-d(10), and I-(15)N(2)-d(1) over a wide temperature range. In addition to the microcrystalline modification, a novel amorphous modification of I was found and studied. In this modification, proton transfer is much faster than in the crystalline form. For both modifications, we observed large H/D KIEs that were temperature-dependent at high temperatures and temperature-independent at low temperatures. These findings are interpreted in terms of a simple quasiclassical tunneling model proposed by Bell and modified by Limbach. We obtained evidence that a reorganization energy is necessary in order to compress the N-H-N hydrogen bond and achieve a molecular configuration in which the barrier for H transfer is reduced and tunneling or an over-barrier reaction can occur.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2008
Creators: del Amo, J. M. L. and Langer, U. and Torres, V. and Buntkowsky, G. and Vieth, H. M. and Perez-Torralba, M. and Sanz, D. and Claramunt, R. M. and Elguero, J. and Limbach, H. H.
Title: NMR studies of ultrafast intramolecular proton tautomerism in crystalline and amorphous - N,N '-diphenyl-6-aminofulvene-1-aldimine: Solid-state, kinetic isotope, and tunneling effects
Language: German
Abstract:

Using solid-state NMR spectroscopy, we have detected and characterized ultrafast intramolecular proton tautomerism in the N-H-N hydrogen bonds of solid N,N'-diphenyl-6-aminofulvene-1-aldimine (I) on the microsecond-to-picosecond time scale. (15)N cross-polarization magic-angle-spinning NMR experiments using (1)H decoupling performed on polycrystalline I-(15)N(2) and the related compound N-phenyl-N'-(1,3,4-triazole)-6-aminofulvene-1-aldimine (II) provided information about the thermodynamics of the tautomeric processes. We found that II forms only a single tautomer but that the gas-phase degeneracy of the two tautomers of I is lifted by solid-state interactions. Rate constants, including H/D kinetic isotope effects (KIEs), on the microsecond-to-picosecond time scale were obtained by measuring and analyzing the longitudinal (15)N and (2)H relaxation times of I-(15)N(2), I-(15)N(2)-d(10), and I-(15)N(2)-d(1) over a wide temperature range. In addition to the microcrystalline modification, a novel amorphous modification of I was found and studied. In this modification, proton transfer is much faster than in the crystalline form. For both modifications, we observed large H/D KIEs that were temperature-dependent at high temperatures and temperature-independent at low temperatures. These findings are interpreted in terms of a simple quasiclassical tunneling model proposed by Bell and modified by Limbach. We obtained evidence that a reorganization energy is necessary in order to compress the N-H-N hydrogen bond and achieve a molecular configuration in which the barrier for H transfer is reduced and tunneling or an over-barrier reaction can occur.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Volume: 130
Number: 27
Uncontrolled Keywords: n-15 cpmas nmr free-base porphyrin hydrogen-bond hh/hd/dd isotope deuteron transfer quadruple proton dynamics triple spectroscopy transfers
Divisions: 07 Department of Chemistry
07 Department of Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2014 20:38
Official URL: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&se...
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322EP Times Cited:22 Cited References Count:67

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