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Metal Nanotubes and Nanowires with Rhombohedral Cross-Section Electrolessly Deposited in Mica Templates

Muench, Falk and Kunz, Ulrike and Wardenga, Hans F. and Kleebe, Hans-Joachim and Ensinger, Wolfgang (2014):
Metal Nanotubes and Nanowires with Rhombohedral Cross-Section Electrolessly Deposited in Mica Templates.
In: Langmuir, pp. 10878-10885, 30, (36), ISSN 0743-7463,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la5012956],
[Article]

Abstract

Electroless plating is a facile wet-chemical process for the creation of metal thin films on arbitrary substrates, which can be used to produce intricate nanomaterials. In this study, we demonstrate how nanotubes and nanowires can be electrolessly deposited in the rhombohedral pores of ion-track etched muscovite mica templates. Mutual optimization of the activation and plating reactions proved to be essential for the fabrication of well-defined nanostructures of an aspect ratio (length-to-diameter) of up to approximately 70. By repeating the activation procedure utilizing the redox couple Sn(II) and Ag(I), a high density of Ag nanoparticle seeds could be deposited on the template surface, which was required to initiate metal film nucleation with nanoscale homogeneity. Furthermore, it was necessary to adapt the plating reaction to ensure sufficient diffusion of the reagents into the depth of the template pores. To prove the flexibility of the process and to evaluate the effect of the intrinsic film morphology on the shape of the resulting nanostructures, three different plating reactions were applied (Ag, Au, Pt). If the size of the deposited metal particles approached the dimension of the template pores, only wire-like structures of moderate shape conformity were obtained. Electroless plating protocols which yield homogeneous deposits consisting of small nanoparticles allowed exact replication of the pore shape. Under consideration of the above-mentioned requirements, electroless plating displays an effective and versatile route toward the fabrication of parallel arrays of angular metal nanotubes and nanowires in the chemically and thermally robust mica templates. By simply immersing the templates in aqueous plating solutions for an appropriate time, well-defined metal nanomaterials for application in, for example, plasmonics, catalysis, or molecular separation are obtained.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2014
Creators: Muench, Falk and Kunz, Ulrike and Wardenga, Hans F. and Kleebe, Hans-Joachim and Ensinger, Wolfgang
Title: Metal Nanotubes and Nanowires with Rhombohedral Cross-Section Electrolessly Deposited in Mica Templates
Language: English
Abstract:

Electroless plating is a facile wet-chemical process for the creation of metal thin films on arbitrary substrates, which can be used to produce intricate nanomaterials. In this study, we demonstrate how nanotubes and nanowires can be electrolessly deposited in the rhombohedral pores of ion-track etched muscovite mica templates. Mutual optimization of the activation and plating reactions proved to be essential for the fabrication of well-defined nanostructures of an aspect ratio (length-to-diameter) of up to approximately 70. By repeating the activation procedure utilizing the redox couple Sn(II) and Ag(I), a high density of Ag nanoparticle seeds could be deposited on the template surface, which was required to initiate metal film nucleation with nanoscale homogeneity. Furthermore, it was necessary to adapt the plating reaction to ensure sufficient diffusion of the reagents into the depth of the template pores. To prove the flexibility of the process and to evaluate the effect of the intrinsic film morphology on the shape of the resulting nanostructures, three different plating reactions were applied (Ag, Au, Pt). If the size of the deposited metal particles approached the dimension of the template pores, only wire-like structures of moderate shape conformity were obtained. Electroless plating protocols which yield homogeneous deposits consisting of small nanoparticles allowed exact replication of the pore shape. Under consideration of the above-mentioned requirements, electroless plating displays an effective and versatile route toward the fabrication of parallel arrays of angular metal nanotubes and nanowires in the chemically and thermally robust mica templates. By simply immersing the templates in aqueous plating solutions for an appropriate time, well-defined metal nanomaterials for application in, for example, plasmonics, catalysis, or molecular separation are obtained.

Journal or Publication Title: Langmuir
Volume: 30
Number: 36
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science > Geo-Material-Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Material Analytics
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Surface Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Physical Metallurgy
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2014 16:03
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la5012956
Identification Number: doi:10.1021/la5012956
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