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High-Temperature Stability and Saturation Magnetization of Superparamagnetic Nickel Nanoparticles in Microporous Polysilazane-Derived Ceramics and their Gas Permeation Properties

Seifollahi Bazarjani, Mahdi and Müller, Mathis M. and Kleebe, Hans-Joachim and Jüttke, Yvonne and Voigt, Ingolf and Baghaie Yazdi, Mehrdad and Alff, Lambert and Riedel, Ralf and Gurlo, Aleksander (2014):
High-Temperature Stability and Saturation Magnetization of Superparamagnetic Nickel Nanoparticles in Microporous Polysilazane-Derived Ceramics and their Gas Permeation Properties.
In: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, ACS Publications, pp. 12270-12278, 6, (15), ISSN 1944-8244,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/am501892z],
[Article]

Abstract

Superparamagnetic Ni nanoparticles with diameters of about 3 nm are formed in situ at room temperature in a polysilazane matrix, forming Ni/polysilazane nanocomposite, in the reaction between a polysilazane and trans-bis(aceto-kO)bis(2-aminoethanol-k2N,O)nickel(II). The thermolysis of the Ni/polysilazane nanocomposite at 700 °C in an argon atmosphere results in a microporous superparamagnetic Ni/silicon oxycarbonitride (Ni/SiCNO) ceramic nanocomposite. The growth of Ni nanoparticles in Ni/SiCNO ceramic nanocomposite is totally suppressed even after thermolysis at 700 °C, as confirmed by HRTEM and SQUID characterizations. The analysis of saturation magnetization of Ni nanoparticles in Ni/polysilazane and Ni/SiCNO nanocomposites indicates that the saturation magnetization of Ni nanoparticles is higher than expected values and infers that the surfaces of Ni nanoparticles are not oxidized. The microporous superparamagnetic Ni/SiCNO nanocomposite is shaped as a free-standing monolith and foam. In addition, Ni/SiCNO membranes are fabricated by the dip-coating of a tubular alumina substrate in a dispersion of Ni/polysilazane in THF followed by a thermolysis at 700 °C under an argon atmosphere. The gas separation performance of Ni/SiCNO membranes at 25 and 300 °C is assessed by the single gas permeance (pressure rise technique) using He, H2, CO2, N2, CH4, n-propene, n-propane, n-butene, n-butane, and SF6 as probe molecules. After hydrothermal treatment, the higher increase in the hydrogen permeance compared to the permeance of other gases as a function of temperature indicates that the hydrogen affinity of Ni nanoparticles influences the transport of hydrogen in the Ni/SiCNO membrane and Ni nanoparticles stabilize the structure against hydrothermal corrosion.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2014
Creators: Seifollahi Bazarjani, Mahdi and Müller, Mathis M. and Kleebe, Hans-Joachim and Jüttke, Yvonne and Voigt, Ingolf and Baghaie Yazdi, Mehrdad and Alff, Lambert and Riedel, Ralf and Gurlo, Aleksander
Title: High-Temperature Stability and Saturation Magnetization of Superparamagnetic Nickel Nanoparticles in Microporous Polysilazane-Derived Ceramics and their Gas Permeation Properties
Language: English
Abstract:

Superparamagnetic Ni nanoparticles with diameters of about 3 nm are formed in situ at room temperature in a polysilazane matrix, forming Ni/polysilazane nanocomposite, in the reaction between a polysilazane and trans-bis(aceto-kO)bis(2-aminoethanol-k2N,O)nickel(II). The thermolysis of the Ni/polysilazane nanocomposite at 700 °C in an argon atmosphere results in a microporous superparamagnetic Ni/silicon oxycarbonitride (Ni/SiCNO) ceramic nanocomposite. The growth of Ni nanoparticles in Ni/SiCNO ceramic nanocomposite is totally suppressed even after thermolysis at 700 °C, as confirmed by HRTEM and SQUID characterizations. The analysis of saturation magnetization of Ni nanoparticles in Ni/polysilazane and Ni/SiCNO nanocomposites indicates that the saturation magnetization of Ni nanoparticles is higher than expected values and infers that the surfaces of Ni nanoparticles are not oxidized. The microporous superparamagnetic Ni/SiCNO nanocomposite is shaped as a free-standing monolith and foam. In addition, Ni/SiCNO membranes are fabricated by the dip-coating of a tubular alumina substrate in a dispersion of Ni/polysilazane in THF followed by a thermolysis at 700 °C under an argon atmosphere. The gas separation performance of Ni/SiCNO membranes at 25 and 300 °C is assessed by the single gas permeance (pressure rise technique) using He, H2, CO2, N2, CH4, n-propene, n-propane, n-butene, n-butane, and SF6 as probe molecules. After hydrothermal treatment, the higher increase in the hydrogen permeance compared to the permeance of other gases as a function of temperature indicates that the hydrogen affinity of Ni nanoparticles influences the transport of hydrogen in the Ni/SiCNO membrane and Ni nanoparticles stabilize the structure against hydrothermal corrosion.

Journal or Publication Title: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Volume: 6
Number: 15
Publisher: ACS Publications
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ni/polysilazane, Ni/SiCNO, superparamagnetic, permeance, membrane
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science > Geo-Material-Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Advanced Thin Film Technology
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Dispersive Solids
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2014 11:48
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/am501892z
Identification Number: doi:10.1021/am501892z
Funders: This work was performed within the framework of the project “ Thermoresistant ceramic membrane with integrated gas sensor for high temperature separation and detection of hydrogen and carbon monoxide ” of the priority program , “ Adapting surfaces for high temperature applications ” (DFG-SPP 1299, www.spp- haut.de, DFG - German Research Foundation). , R.R. thanks the Fonds der Chemischen Industrie, Frankfurt, Germany, for continuous financial support.
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