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Three Multiheme Cytochromes c from the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Ignicoccus hospitalis: Purification, Properties and Localization.

Naß, Bastian and Pöll, Uwe and Langer, Julian and Kreuter, Lydia and Küper, Ulf and Flechsler, Jennifer and Heimerl, Thomas and Rachel, Reinhard and Huber, Harald and Kletzin, Arnulf (2014):
Three Multiheme Cytochromes c from the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Ignicoccus hospitalis: Purification, Properties and Localization.
In: Microbiology (Reading, England), pp. 1278-1289, (160), ISSN 1465-2080,
[Article]

Abstract

Three different multiheme cytochromes c were purified from cell extracts of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Ignicoccus hospitalis. One tetraheme cytochrome, locus tag designation Igni_0530, was purified from membrane fractions together with the iron-sulfur protein Igni_0529. Two octaheme cytochromes, Igni_0955 and Igni_1359, were purified from soluble fractions but were also present in the membrane fraction. N-terminal sequencing showed that three of the four proteins had their signal peptides cleaved off, while results were ambigious with Igni_0955. In contrast, mass spectrometry of Igni_0955 and Igni_1359 resulted in single mass peaks including the signal sequences and eight hemes per subunit so that both forms might be present in the cell. Igni_0955 and Igni_1359 belong to the hydroxylamine dehydrogenase family (HAO; 29% mutual identity). HAO or reductase activities with inorganic sulfur compounds were not detected. Igni_0955 was reduced by enriched I. hospitalis hydrogenase at a specific activity of 243 nmol (min•mg hydrogenase)-1 while activity was non-existent with Igni_0530 and low with Igni_1359. Immuno-electron microscopy of ultrathin sections showed that Igni_0955 and Igni_1359 are located in both I. hospitalis membranes and also in the intermembrane compartment. We concluded that these cytochromes might function as electron shuttles between the hydrogenase in the outer cellular membrane and cellular reductases whereas Igni_0530 might be part of the sulfur-reducing machinery.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2014
Creators: Naß, Bastian and Pöll, Uwe and Langer, Julian and Kreuter, Lydia and Küper, Ulf and Flechsler, Jennifer and Heimerl, Thomas and Rachel, Reinhard and Huber, Harald and Kletzin, Arnulf
Title: Three Multiheme Cytochromes c from the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Ignicoccus hospitalis: Purification, Properties and Localization.
Language: English
Abstract:

Three different multiheme cytochromes c were purified from cell extracts of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Ignicoccus hospitalis. One tetraheme cytochrome, locus tag designation Igni_0530, was purified from membrane fractions together with the iron-sulfur protein Igni_0529. Two octaheme cytochromes, Igni_0955 and Igni_1359, were purified from soluble fractions but were also present in the membrane fraction. N-terminal sequencing showed that three of the four proteins had their signal peptides cleaved off, while results were ambigious with Igni_0955. In contrast, mass spectrometry of Igni_0955 and Igni_1359 resulted in single mass peaks including the signal sequences and eight hemes per subunit so that both forms might be present in the cell. Igni_0955 and Igni_1359 belong to the hydroxylamine dehydrogenase family (HAO; 29% mutual identity). HAO or reductase activities with inorganic sulfur compounds were not detected. Igni_0955 was reduced by enriched I. hospitalis hydrogenase at a specific activity of 243 nmol (min•mg hydrogenase)-1 while activity was non-existent with Igni_0530 and low with Igni_1359. Immuno-electron microscopy of ultrathin sections showed that Igni_0955 and Igni_1359 are located in both I. hospitalis membranes and also in the intermembrane compartment. We concluded that these cytochromes might function as electron shuttles between the hydrogenase in the outer cellular membrane and cellular reductases whereas Igni_0530 might be part of the sulfur-reducing machinery.

Journal or Publication Title: Microbiology (Reading, England)
Number: 160
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Sulfur Biochemistry and Microbial Bioenergetics
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2014 11:09
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