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Ceramic and single-crystal (1–x)PMN–xPT constitutive behavior under combined stress and electric field loading

Webber, Kyle G. and Zuo, Ruzhong and Lynch, Christopher S. (2008):
Ceramic and single-crystal (1–x)PMN–xPT constitutive behavior under combined stress and electric field loading.
In: Acta Materialia, pp. 1219-1227, 56, (6), ISSN 13596454,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2007.11.025],
[Article]

Abstract

Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.32(PbTiO3), PMN–0.32PT, single crystals have been characterized under combined stress and electric field loading [McLaughlin EA, Liu T, Lynch CS. Relaxor ferroelectric PMN–32%PT crystals under stress and electric field loading: I-32 mode measurements. Acta Mater 2004;52:3849, McLaughlin EA, Liu T, Lynch CS. Relaxor ferroelectric PMN–32%PT crystals under stress, electric field and temperature loading: II-33-mode measurements. Acta Mater 2005;53:4001] [1], [2] and [3]. This approach is extended to PMN–0.26PT single crystals to explore the effect of composition on field driven phase transformations and to PMN–0.32PT ceramic specimens to compare with polycrystalline behavior. Electric displacement and strain were measured as a function of combinations of stress and both unipolar and bipolar electric fields. The single-crystal results indicate that compositions further from the morphotropic phase boundary require higher driving forces for field induced phase transformations. Evidence of these transformations is not apparent in the results from the ceramic specimens.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2008
Creators: Webber, Kyle G. and Zuo, Ruzhong and Lynch, Christopher S.
Title: Ceramic and single-crystal (1–x)PMN–xPT constitutive behavior under combined stress and electric field loading
Language: English
Abstract:

Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.32(PbTiO3), PMN–0.32PT, single crystals have been characterized under combined stress and electric field loading [McLaughlin EA, Liu T, Lynch CS. Relaxor ferroelectric PMN–32%PT crystals under stress and electric field loading: I-32 mode measurements. Acta Mater 2004;52:3849, McLaughlin EA, Liu T, Lynch CS. Relaxor ferroelectric PMN–32%PT crystals under stress, electric field and temperature loading: II-33-mode measurements. Acta Mater 2005;53:4001] [1], [2] and [3]. This approach is extended to PMN–0.26PT single crystals to explore the effect of composition on field driven phase transformations and to PMN–0.32PT ceramic specimens to compare with polycrystalline behavior. Electric displacement and strain were measured as a function of combinations of stress and both unipolar and bipolar electric fields. The single-crystal results indicate that compositions further from the morphotropic phase boundary require higher driving forces for field induced phase transformations. Evidence of these transformations is not apparent in the results from the ceramic specimens.

Journal or Publication Title: Acta Materialia
Volume: 56
Number: 6
Uncontrolled Keywords: Relaxor; Phase transformation; Ferroelectric; Constitutive behavior; Single-crystal
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Elektromechanik von Oxiden
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2013 12:45
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2007.11.025
Identification Number: doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2007.11.025
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