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Critical Casimir force scaling function of the mean spherical model in $2<d<3$ dimensions for nonperiodic boundary conditions

Kastening, Boris and Dohm, Volker (2013):
Critical Casimir force scaling function of the mean spherical model in $2<d<3$ dimensions for nonperiodic boundary conditions.
In: Abstract Book of the XXIII IUPAP International Conference on Statistical Physics, Genova, Italy, (September 2007), [Online-Edition: http://st23.statphys23.org/webservices/abstract/preview_pop....],
[Book Section]

Abstract

Little is known about finite-size effects of critical systems below the bulk transition temperature $T_c$ for realistic boundary conditions, such as of Dirichlet or Neumann type. However, the exactly solvable mean spherical model can play a significant role in elucidating finite-size effects in the entire scaling regime from above to below $T_c$. We present the first investigation of finite-size effects in this model with nonperiodic boundary conditions for temperatures below $T_c$. To avoid nonscaling effects present in $d=3$ dimensions 1, we continue the model to $2<d<3$, where scaling is known to hold even for nonperiodic boundary conditions 2. Explicit results are obtained in film geometry for the universal scaling functions of the excess free energy and the Casimir force for Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions. For appropriate bulk correlation lengths $\xi_+$ and $\xi_-$ above and below $T_c$, respectively, we find an unexpected size dependence $\propto\xi_\pm^-1/\nuL^-2$ of the Casimir force for large $L/\xi_\pm$. The behavior above $T_c$ originates from the combined action of the spherical constraint and the presence of a surface free energy. It differs from the predictions of standard finite-size theories 3. The behavior below $T_c$ arises from a nonzero energy of the lowest mode. The results for both above and below $T_c$ differ qualitatively from the predictions of current finite-size theories for the critical Casimir force above and below the lambda point of $^4$He 4. Possible applications of our results include the weakly interacting Bose gas in the precritical regions above and below $T_c$.

Item Type: Book Section
Erschienen: 2013
Creators: Kastening, Boris and Dohm, Volker
Title: Critical Casimir force scaling function of the mean spherical model in $2<d<3$ dimensions for nonperiodic boundary conditions
Language: English
Abstract:

Little is known about finite-size effects of critical systems below the bulk transition temperature $T_c$ for realistic boundary conditions, such as of Dirichlet or Neumann type. However, the exactly solvable mean spherical model can play a significant role in elucidating finite-size effects in the entire scaling regime from above to below $T_c$. We present the first investigation of finite-size effects in this model with nonperiodic boundary conditions for temperatures below $T_c$. To avoid nonscaling effects present in $d=3$ dimensions 1, we continue the model to $2<d<3$, where scaling is known to hold even for nonperiodic boundary conditions 2. Explicit results are obtained in film geometry for the universal scaling functions of the excess free energy and the Casimir force for Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions. For appropriate bulk correlation lengths $\xi_+$ and $\xi_-$ above and below $T_c$, respectively, we find an unexpected size dependence $\propto\xi_\pm^-1/\nuL^-2$ of the Casimir force for large $L/\xi_\pm$. The behavior above $T_c$ originates from the combined action of the spherical constraint and the presence of a surface free energy. It differs from the predictions of standard finite-size theories 3. The behavior below $T_c$ arises from a nonzero energy of the lowest mode. The results for both above and below $T_c$ differ qualitatively from the predictions of current finite-size theories for the critical Casimir force above and below the lambda point of $^4$He 4. Possible applications of our results include the weakly interacting Bose gas in the precritical regions above and below $T_c$.

Title of Book: Abstract Book of the XXIII IUPAP International Conference on Statistical Physics, Genova, Italy, (September 2007)
Uncontrolled Keywords: casimir, finite-size, force, mean, model, scaling, spherical, statphys23, topic-2
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Advanced Thin Film Technology
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2013 09:31
Official URL: http://st23.statphys23.org/webservices/abstract/preview_pop....
Funders: Support by DLR is gratefully acknowledged.
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