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Metastability of Corundum-Type In2O3

Gurlo, Aleksander ; Kroll, Peter ; Riedel, Ralf (2008):
Metastability of Corundum-Type In2O3.
In: Chemistry - A European Journal, 14 (11), pp. 3306-3310. Wiley, ISSN 09476539,
[Article]

Abstract

he description of structural relations between bixbyite- and corundum-type structures is of particular interest because of the common occurrence of both structures. One of the representative examples of the bixbyite to corundum transition is the high-pressure high-temperature synthesis of the corundum-type indium oxide. The wet chemistry synthesis and stabilisation of the corundum-type In2O3 under ambient pressure conditions calls for a re-interpretation of the In[BOND]O phase diagram as well as for the clarification of the phase transitions in In2O3. One of the questions to be clarified is the stability of the corundum-type In2O3. In the present work we studied the stability of the corundum-type In2O3 both theoretically (by density-functional calculations) and experimentally. The synthesis of the corundum-type In2O3 was performed by the modified non-alkoxide sol–gel method based on the ammonia-induced hydrolysis of indium nitrate in methanol. The corundum-type In2O3 was subjected to thermal analysis (STA) as well as to structural studies, that is, it was examined using X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) including in situ XRPD characterisation upon thermal treatment. For the first time we have undoubtedly demonstrated, both theoretically and experimentally, the metastability of the corundum-type In2O3 polymorph. The In2O3 polymorph appears to be metastable throughout the entire enthalpy–pressure phase diagram. Upon heating, corundum-type In2O3 transforms irreversibly into cubic bixbyite-type In2O3 as shown by STA as well as in situ heating XRPD experiments. Computations indicate the existence of another high-pressure modification of In2O3 with orthorhombic structure, iso-typic to Rh2O3-II. We predict this new phase to form at pressures exceeding 15 GPa from both the cubic bixbyite-type and the corundum-type modification of In2O3.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2008
Creators: Gurlo, Aleksander ; Kroll, Peter ; Riedel, Ralf
Title: Metastability of Corundum-Type In2O3
Language: English
Abstract:

he description of structural relations between bixbyite- and corundum-type structures is of particular interest because of the common occurrence of both structures. One of the representative examples of the bixbyite to corundum transition is the high-pressure high-temperature synthesis of the corundum-type indium oxide. The wet chemistry synthesis and stabilisation of the corundum-type In2O3 under ambient pressure conditions calls for a re-interpretation of the In[BOND]O phase diagram as well as for the clarification of the phase transitions in In2O3. One of the questions to be clarified is the stability of the corundum-type In2O3. In the present work we studied the stability of the corundum-type In2O3 both theoretically (by density-functional calculations) and experimentally. The synthesis of the corundum-type In2O3 was performed by the modified non-alkoxide sol–gel method based on the ammonia-induced hydrolysis of indium nitrate in methanol. The corundum-type In2O3 was subjected to thermal analysis (STA) as well as to structural studies, that is, it was examined using X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) including in situ XRPD characterisation upon thermal treatment. For the first time we have undoubtedly demonstrated, both theoretically and experimentally, the metastability of the corundum-type In2O3 polymorph. The In2O3 polymorph appears to be metastable throughout the entire enthalpy–pressure phase diagram. Upon heating, corundum-type In2O3 transforms irreversibly into cubic bixbyite-type In2O3 as shown by STA as well as in situ heating XRPD experiments. Computations indicate the existence of another high-pressure modification of In2O3 with orthorhombic structure, iso-typic to Rh2O3-II. We predict this new phase to form at pressures exceeding 15 GPa from both the cubic bixbyite-type and the corundum-type modification of In2O3.

Journal or Publication Title: Chemistry - A European Journal
Journal volume: 14
Number: 11
Publisher: Wiley
Uncontrolled Keywords: ab initio calculations, indium oxide, indium, metastable compounds, phase transitions
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Dispersive Solids
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2012 09:30
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.200701830
Identification Number: doi:10.1002/chem.200701830
Funders: Funded by Fonds der Chemischen Industrie
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