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Ligand-optimized electroless synthesis of silver nanotubes and their activity in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol

Muench, Falk and Rauber, Markus and Stegmann, Christian and Lauterbach, Stefan and Kunz, Ulrike and Kleebe, Hans-Joachim and Ensinger, Wolfgang (2011):
Ligand-optimized electroless synthesis of silver nanotubes and their activity in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol.
22, In: Nanotechnology, (41), IOP Publishing, p. 415602, [Online-Edition: http://iopscience.iop.org/0957-4484/22/41/415602],
[Article]

Abstract

A facile electroless plating procedure for the controlled synthesis of nanoscale silver thin films and derived structures such as silver nanotubes was developed and the products were characterized by SEM, TEM and EDS. The highly stable plating baths consist of AgNO3 as the metal source, a suitable ligand and tartrate as an environmentally benign reducing agent. Next to the variation of the coordinative environment of the oxidizing component, the influence of the pH value was evaluated. These two governing factors strongly affect the plating rate and the morphology of the developing silver nanoparticle films and can be used to adapt the reaction to synthetic demands. The refined electroless deposition allows the fabrication of homogeneous high aspect-ratio nanotubes in ion track etched polycarbonate. Template-embedded metal nanotubes can be interpreted as parallelled microreactors. Following this concept, both the silver nanotubes and spongy gold nanotubes obtained by the use of the silver structures as sacrificial templates were applied in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol by sodium borohydride, proving to be extraordinarily effective catalysts.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2011
Creators: Muench, Falk and Rauber, Markus and Stegmann, Christian and Lauterbach, Stefan and Kunz, Ulrike and Kleebe, Hans-Joachim and Ensinger, Wolfgang
Title: Ligand-optimized electroless synthesis of silver nanotubes and their activity in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol
Language: English
Abstract:

A facile electroless plating procedure for the controlled synthesis of nanoscale silver thin films and derived structures such as silver nanotubes was developed and the products were characterized by SEM, TEM and EDS. The highly stable plating baths consist of AgNO3 as the metal source, a suitable ligand and tartrate as an environmentally benign reducing agent. Next to the variation of the coordinative environment of the oxidizing component, the influence of the pH value was evaluated. These two governing factors strongly affect the plating rate and the morphology of the developing silver nanoparticle films and can be used to adapt the reaction to synthetic demands. The refined electroless deposition allows the fabrication of homogeneous high aspect-ratio nanotubes in ion track etched polycarbonate. Template-embedded metal nanotubes can be interpreted as parallelled microreactors. Following this concept, both the silver nanotubes and spongy gold nanotubes obtained by the use of the silver structures as sacrificial templates were applied in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol by sodium borohydride, proving to be extraordinarily effective catalysts.

Journal or Publication Title: Nanotechnology
Volume: 22
Number: 41
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Uncontrolled Keywords: Surfaces, interfaces and thin films; Nanoscale science and low-D systems; Chemical physics and physical chemistry
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science > Geo-Material-Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Material Analytics
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Physical Metallurgy
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2011 13:41
Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/0957-4484/22/41/415602
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