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A systematic approach to reduce macroscopic defects in c-axis oriented YBCO films

Krupke, Ralph and Barkay, Z. and Deutscher, G. (1999):
A systematic approach to reduce macroscopic defects in c-axis oriented YBCO films.
In: Physica C: Superconductivity, 315 (1-2), pp. 99-106, ISSN 09214534,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4534(99)00199-9],
[Article]

Abstract

c-axis oriented YBCO films with Tc=90 K and low macroscopic defect density were grown reproducibly on STO, LAO and YSZ/Al2O3 with a rf-sputtering system using a View the MathML sourceressure controlled View the MathML sourceelf-View the MathML sourceemplate (PST) process under optimized conditions. We show how the hole formation in YBCO films is prevented and the target lifetime enhanced with a proper adjustment of the rf-power and the deliberate adding of H2O molecules to the sputtering gas. Variation of the oxygen pressure demonstrates that at low pressure YBCO films with Tc=85 K and a smoother surface are grown, while at high pressure films with Tc=90 K and a rough surface due to CuO particles are obtained. The benefits of both pressure regimes are merged in the PST process where the growth starts at low oxygen pressure. After the growth of a few unit cells the pressure is increased and stabilized until the end of growth resulting in YBCO films with Tc=90 K and a significant smoother surface. We conclude that nucleation sites of CuO are located only on the substrate surface and that it is a necessity to grow YBCO in the stability region of CuO to obtain films with Tc=90 K.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1999
Creators: Krupke, Ralph and Barkay, Z. and Deutscher, G.
Title: A systematic approach to reduce macroscopic defects in c-axis oriented YBCO films
Language: English
Abstract:

c-axis oriented YBCO films with Tc=90 K and low macroscopic defect density were grown reproducibly on STO, LAO and YSZ/Al2O3 with a rf-sputtering system using a View the MathML sourceressure controlled View the MathML sourceelf-View the MathML sourceemplate (PST) process under optimized conditions. We show how the hole formation in YBCO films is prevented and the target lifetime enhanced with a proper adjustment of the rf-power and the deliberate adding of H2O molecules to the sputtering gas. Variation of the oxygen pressure demonstrates that at low pressure YBCO films with Tc=85 K and a smoother surface are grown, while at high pressure films with Tc=90 K and a rough surface due to CuO particles are obtained. The benefits of both pressure regimes are merged in the PST process where the growth starts at low oxygen pressure. After the growth of a few unit cells the pressure is increased and stabilized until the end of growth resulting in YBCO films with Tc=90 K and a significant smoother surface. We conclude that nucleation sites of CuO are located only on the substrate surface and that it is a necessity to grow YBCO in the stability region of CuO to obtain films with Tc=90 K.

Journal or Publication Title: Physica C: Superconductivity
Volume: 315
Number: 1-2
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thin films; Sputter deposition; Defect structure; Phase diagram; Template
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Fachgebiet Molekulare Nanostrukturen
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2011 14:18
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4534(99)00199-9
Identification Number: doi:10.1016/S0921-4534(99)00199-9
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