TU Darmstadt / ULB / TUbiblio

Is the combination of topsoil replacement and inoculation with plant material an effective tool for the restoration of threatened sandy grassland?

Eichberg, Carsten and Storm, Christian and Stroh, Michael and Schwabe, Angelika (2010):
Is the combination of topsoil replacement and inoculation with plant material an effective tool for the restoration of threatened sandy grassland?
In: Applied Vegetation Science, pp. 425-438, 13, (4), [Online-Edition: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1654-109X.2010....],
[Article]

Abstract

Question: Is it possible to restore dry calcareous inland sand ecosystems with their characteristic plant community structure within a 4-yr period by means of combined abiotic-biotic techniques (topsoil replacement, inoculation with raked/mown plant material from target areas)?

Location: Upper Rhine valley, Germany.

Methods: Two 4-year experiments were carried out on former arable land, each in the proximity of a reference area bearing a similar complex of threatened sandy grasslands (experiment 1: fine-scale; experiment 2: landscape scale). In both experiments we used nutrient-poor deep-sand substrate (abiotic approach), raked/mown inoculation material from target areas and grazing as management tool (biotic and management approach). The vegetation of the restoration and donor areas was sampled once a year and analysed by non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) ordination and target-species ratios. Mixed linear models were calculated to determine effects of grazing (experiment 1) and year (both experiments).

Results: NMDS revealed a continuous development of the restored sites towards the corresponding donor sites. Similarly, target-species ratios of the restored sites tended towards the ratios of the donor sites. To date, grazing effects have mainly been structural: reduction of a carpet-forming pleurocarpous moss species and of litter. In addition, cover of target species in relation to total plant cover was significantly enhanced by grazing in the last two study years.

Conclusions: The combination of nutrient-poor substrate, inoculation with raked/mown plant material and grazing proved to be a very effective restoration method for dry base-rich sand ecosystems. After 4 yr the restored plant communities serve as well-developed parts of a habitat network.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2010
Creators: Eichberg, Carsten and Storm, Christian and Stroh, Michael and Schwabe, Angelika
Title: Is the combination of topsoil replacement and inoculation with plant material an effective tool for the restoration of threatened sandy grassland?
Language: English
Abstract:

Question: Is it possible to restore dry calcareous inland sand ecosystems with their characteristic plant community structure within a 4-yr period by means of combined abiotic-biotic techniques (topsoil replacement, inoculation with raked/mown plant material from target areas)?

Location: Upper Rhine valley, Germany.

Methods: Two 4-year experiments were carried out on former arable land, each in the proximity of a reference area bearing a similar complex of threatened sandy grasslands (experiment 1: fine-scale; experiment 2: landscape scale). In both experiments we used nutrient-poor deep-sand substrate (abiotic approach), raked/mown inoculation material from target areas and grazing as management tool (biotic and management approach). The vegetation of the restoration and donor areas was sampled once a year and analysed by non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) ordination and target-species ratios. Mixed linear models were calculated to determine effects of grazing (experiment 1) and year (both experiments).

Results: NMDS revealed a continuous development of the restored sites towards the corresponding donor sites. Similarly, target-species ratios of the restored sites tended towards the ratios of the donor sites. To date, grazing effects have mainly been structural: reduction of a carpet-forming pleurocarpous moss species and of litter. In addition, cover of target species in relation to total plant cover was significantly enhanced by grazing in the last two study years.

Conclusions: The combination of nutrient-poor substrate, inoculation with raked/mown plant material and grazing proved to be a very effective restoration method for dry base-rich sand ecosystems. After 4 yr the restored plant communities serve as well-developed parts of a habitat network.

Journal or Publication Title: Applied Vegetation Science
Volume: 13
Number: 4
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology > Vegetation ecology - Restoration
?? fb10_botanik ??
10 Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2011 12:22
Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1654-109X.2010....
Export:

Optionen (nur für Redakteure)

View Item View Item