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Impact of Defect Structure on ’Bulk’ and Nano-Scale Ferroelectrics

Erdem, Emre and Eichel, Rüdiger-A.
Lallart, Mickael (ed.) :

Impact of Defect Structure on ’Bulk’ and Nano-Scale Ferroelectrics.
In: Ferroelectrics - Characterization and Modeling. smart materials. Intech open access publischer, open access book , pp. 79-96. ISBN 978-953-307-455-9
[Book Section] , (2011)
Note:

SFB 595 B1

Abstract

Ferroelectric materials offer a wide range of dedicated physical properties such as high dielectric constant, spontaneous polarisation, pyroelectric and piezoelectric effects which can be applied in thin-film non-volatile memories or ‘bulk’ actuators, multi-layer capacitors, thermal sensors and transducers (1–3). In that respect, desiredmaterials properties for specific applicationsmay be tailored by controlling the defect structure bymeans of aliovalent doping, rendering so-termed ’hard’ or ’soft’ piezoelectric materials (4–6). Another important impact on ferroelectric properties results from the confined size in nano-scale architectures (7). At the nanometer scale physical and chemical properties are expected to differ markedly from those of the ’bulk’ material. Owing to a size-driven phase transition, a critical particle size exists below which ferroelectricity does no longer occur (8). In this chapter, we will first outline the nature of the size-driven para-to-ferroelectric phase transition, as well as the concepts of defect chemistry. On that basis, the interplay between confined size at the nano-regime and the development of defect structure will be characterized. The here studied ferroelectric lead titanate nano-powders may be considered as a model system for more complex ferroelectric nano architectures (1; 2). Furthermore, the results discussed here may be transferred to large extent to other important perovskite oxides with divalent A- and tetravalent B-site, such as BaTiO3 or Pb[Zr,Ti]O3 (PZT). The defect chemistry of ferroelectric perovskite oxideswith monovalent A- and pentavalent B-site, such as the [K,Na]NbO3 (KNN) solid solution system, however has shown some important deviations from the defect structure characterized for PZT compounds (9; 10).

Item Type: Book Section
Erschienen: 2011
Editors: Lallart, Mickael
Creators: Erdem, Emre and Eichel, Rüdiger-A.
Title: Impact of Defect Structure on ’Bulk’ and Nano-Scale Ferroelectrics
Language: English
Abstract:

Ferroelectric materials offer a wide range of dedicated physical properties such as high dielectric constant, spontaneous polarisation, pyroelectric and piezoelectric effects which can be applied in thin-film non-volatile memories or ‘bulk’ actuators, multi-layer capacitors, thermal sensors and transducers (1–3). In that respect, desiredmaterials properties for specific applicationsmay be tailored by controlling the defect structure bymeans of aliovalent doping, rendering so-termed ’hard’ or ’soft’ piezoelectric materials (4–6). Another important impact on ferroelectric properties results from the confined size in nano-scale architectures (7). At the nanometer scale physical and chemical properties are expected to differ markedly from those of the ’bulk’ material. Owing to a size-driven phase transition, a critical particle size exists below which ferroelectricity does no longer occur (8). In this chapter, we will first outline the nature of the size-driven para-to-ferroelectric phase transition, as well as the concepts of defect chemistry. On that basis, the interplay between confined size at the nano-regime and the development of defect structure will be characterized. The here studied ferroelectric lead titanate nano-powders may be considered as a model system for more complex ferroelectric nano architectures (1; 2). Furthermore, the results discussed here may be transferred to large extent to other important perovskite oxides with divalent A- and tetravalent B-site, such as BaTiO3 or Pb[Zr,Ti]O3 (PZT). The defect chemistry of ferroelectric perovskite oxideswith monovalent A- and pentavalent B-site, such as the [K,Na]NbO3 (KNN) solid solution system, however has shown some important deviations from the defect structure characterized for PZT compounds (9; 10).

Title of Book: Ferroelectrics - Characterization and Modeling
Series Name: smart materials
Place of Publication: open access book
Publisher: Intech open access publischer
Divisions: DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > B - Characterisation > Subproject B1: EPR-Investigations of defects in ferroelectric ceramic material
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > B - Characterisation
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue
Zentrale Einrichtungen
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2011 10:45
Additional Information:

SFB 595 B1

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