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Photoelectron spectroscopic study of Na intercalation into V2O5 thin films

Wu, Qi-Hui and Thißen, Andreas and Jaegermann, Wolfram (2004):
Photoelectron spectroscopic study of Na intercalation into V2O5 thin films.
167, In: Solid State Ionics, (1-2), pp. 155-163, ISSN 01672738, [Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2003.12.016],
[Article]

Abstract

In this work, the intercalation of sodium into V2O5 thin films prepared by physical vapor deposition (PVD) on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) substrates is studied by X-ray and UV-induced photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS and UPS). The vanadium ions in the as-prepared V2O5 are mostly in a pentavalent V5+ state. The intercalated sodium strongly affects the electronic structure and causes a Fermi level shift of about 0.7 eV. The core level spectra show that the vanadium gets partially reduced to V4+ and even V3+ states. About 0.42 electrons per intercalated sodium atom are transferred from the Na3s orbitals into V3d-like states. For a completely sodium-intercalated V2O5 film with a composition of NaxV2O5 (x≈2), a further increase in deposition time leads to sodium adsorption on the V2O5 surface and thus to the formation of sodium oxides (NaxOy) and, finally, also metallic sodium at the sample surface. Partially, the vanadium gets reduced even further to V2+ and V1+ states indicating a decomposition reaction. The work function decreases with increasing sodium deposition time due to sodium intercalation into the V2O5, as well as to the sodium adsorption accompanied by the formation of surface dipoles and finally increases again because of depolarization effects and the formation of a metallic sodium phase on the surface.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2004
Creators: Wu, Qi-Hui and Thißen, Andreas and Jaegermann, Wolfram
Title: Photoelectron spectroscopic study of Na intercalation into V2O5 thin films
Language: English
Abstract:

In this work, the intercalation of sodium into V2O5 thin films prepared by physical vapor deposition (PVD) on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) substrates is studied by X-ray and UV-induced photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS and UPS). The vanadium ions in the as-prepared V2O5 are mostly in a pentavalent V5+ state. The intercalated sodium strongly affects the electronic structure and causes a Fermi level shift of about 0.7 eV. The core level spectra show that the vanadium gets partially reduced to V4+ and even V3+ states. About 0.42 electrons per intercalated sodium atom are transferred from the Na3s orbitals into V3d-like states. For a completely sodium-intercalated V2O5 film with a composition of NaxV2O5 (x≈2), a further increase in deposition time leads to sodium adsorption on the V2O5 surface and thus to the formation of sodium oxides (NaxOy) and, finally, also metallic sodium at the sample surface. Partially, the vanadium gets reduced even further to V2+ and V1+ states indicating a decomposition reaction. The work function decreases with increasing sodium deposition time due to sodium intercalation into the V2O5, as well as to the sodium adsorption accompanied by the formation of surface dipoles and finally increases again because of depolarization effects and the formation of a metallic sodium phase on the surface.

Journal or Publication Title: Solid State Ionics
Volume: 167
Number: 1-2
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vanadium pentoxide; Sodium intercalation; Cathode materials; Intercalation batteries; PES
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Surface Science
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
Zentrale Einrichtungen
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis > Subproject A3: Boundary layers and thin films of ionic conductors: Electronic structure, electrochemical potentials, defect formation and degradation mechanisms
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2011 09:42
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2003.12.016
Additional Information:

SFB 595 A3

Identification Number: doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2003.12.016
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