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Coupling of the pathway of sulphur oxidation to dioxygen reduction: characterization of a novel membrane-bound thiosulphate:quinone oxidoreductase.

Müller, Fabian H. and Bandeiras, Tiago M. and Urich, Tim and Teixeira, Miguel and Gomes, Cláudio M. and Kletzin, Arnulf (2004):
Coupling of the pathway of sulphur oxidation to dioxygen reduction: characterization of a novel membrane-bound thiosulphate:quinone oxidoreductase.
53, In: Molecular microbiology, (4), pp. 1147-60, ISSN 0950-382X, [Article]

Abstract

Thiosulphate is one of the products of the initial step of the elemental sulphur oxidation pathway in the thermoacidophilic archaeon Acidianus ambivalens. A novel thiosulphate:quinone oxidoreductase (TQO) activity was found in the membrane extracts of aerobically grown cells of this organism. The enzyme was purified 21-fold from the solubilized membrane fraction. The TQO oxidized thiosulphate with tetrathionate as product and ferricyanide or decyl ubiquinone (DQ) as electron acceptors. The maximum specific activity with ferricyanide was 73.4 U (mg protein)(-1) at 92 degrees C and pH 6, with DQ it was 397 mU (mg protein)(-1) at 80 degrees C. The Km values were 2.6 mM for thiosulphate (k(cat) = 167 s(-1)), 3.4 mM for ferricyanide and 5.87 micro M for DQ. The enzymic activity was inhibited by sulphite (Ki = 5 micro M), metabisulphite, dithionite and TritonX-100, but not by sulphate or tetrathionate. A mixture of caldariella quinone, sulfolobus quinone and menaquinone was non-covalently bound to the protein. No other cofactors were detected. Oxygen consumption was measured in membrane fractions upon thiosulphate addition, thus linking thiosulphate oxidation to dioxygen reduction, in what constitutes a novel activity among Archaea. The holoenzyme was composed of two subunits of apparent molecular masses of 28 and 16 kDa. The larger subunit appeared to be glycosylated and was identical to DoxA, and the smaller was identical to DoxD. Both subunits had been described previously as a part of the terminal quinol:oxygen oxidoreductase complex (cytochrome aa3).

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2004
Creators: Müller, Fabian H. and Bandeiras, Tiago M. and Urich, Tim and Teixeira, Miguel and Gomes, Cláudio M. and Kletzin, Arnulf
Title: Coupling of the pathway of sulphur oxidation to dioxygen reduction: characterization of a novel membrane-bound thiosulphate:quinone oxidoreductase.
Language: English
Abstract:

Thiosulphate is one of the products of the initial step of the elemental sulphur oxidation pathway in the thermoacidophilic archaeon Acidianus ambivalens. A novel thiosulphate:quinone oxidoreductase (TQO) activity was found in the membrane extracts of aerobically grown cells of this organism. The enzyme was purified 21-fold from the solubilized membrane fraction. The TQO oxidized thiosulphate with tetrathionate as product and ferricyanide or decyl ubiquinone (DQ) as electron acceptors. The maximum specific activity with ferricyanide was 73.4 U (mg protein)(-1) at 92 degrees C and pH 6, with DQ it was 397 mU (mg protein)(-1) at 80 degrees C. The Km values were 2.6 mM for thiosulphate (k(cat) = 167 s(-1)), 3.4 mM for ferricyanide and 5.87 micro M for DQ. The enzymic activity was inhibited by sulphite (Ki = 5 micro M), metabisulphite, dithionite and TritonX-100, but not by sulphate or tetrathionate. A mixture of caldariella quinone, sulfolobus quinone and menaquinone was non-covalently bound to the protein. No other cofactors were detected. Oxygen consumption was measured in membrane fractions upon thiosulphate addition, thus linking thiosulphate oxidation to dioxygen reduction, in what constitutes a novel activity among Archaea. The holoenzyme was composed of two subunits of apparent molecular masses of 28 and 16 kDa. The larger subunit appeared to be glycosylated and was identical to DoxA, and the smaller was identical to DoxD. Both subunits had been described previously as a part of the terminal quinol:oxygen oxidoreductase complex (cytochrome aa3).

Journal or Publication Title: Molecular microbiology
Volume: 53
Number: 4
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology > Sulfur Biochemistry and Microbial Bioenergetics
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10 Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 24 May 2011 08:37
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