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Lead-free piezoceramics with giant strain in the system Bi[sub 0.5]Na[sub 0.5]TiO[sub 3]–BaTiO[sub 3]–K[sub 0.5]Na[sub 0.5]NbO[sub 3]. II. Temperature dependent properties

Zhang, Shan-Tao and Kounga, Alain Brice and Aulbach, Emil and Jo, Wook and Granzow, Torsten and Ehrenberg, Helmut and Rödel, Jürgen (2008):
Lead-free piezoceramics with giant strain in the system Bi[sub 0.5]Na[sub 0.5]TiO[sub 3]–BaTiO[sub 3]–K[sub 0.5]Na[sub 0.5]NbO[sub 3]. II. Temperature dependent properties.
In: Journal of Applied Physics, pp. 034108-1, 103, (3), ISSN 00218979, [Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2838476],
[Article]

Abstract

The temperature dependence of the dielectric and ferroelectric properties of lead-free piezoceramics of the composition (1−x−y)Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3–xBaTiO3–yK0.5Na0.5NbO3 (0.05 <= x <= 0.07, 0.01 <= y <= 0.03) was investigated. Measurements of the polarization and strain hystereses indicate a transition to predominantly antiferroelectric order when heating from room temperature to 150 °C, while for 150<T<200 °C both remnant polarization and coercive field increase. Frequency-dependent susceptibility measurements show that the transition is relaxorlike. For some samples, the transition temperature Td is high enough to allow mostly ferroelectric ordering at room temperature. These samples show a drastic increase of the usable strain under an external electric field just after the transition into the antiferroelectric state at high temperatures. For the other samples, Td is so low that they display significant antiferroelectric ordering already at room temperature. In these samples, the usable strain is relatively stable over a wide temperature range. In contrast to Td, the temperature Tm of the transition into the paraelectric high-temperature phase depends far less on the sample composition. These results confirm that the high strain in this lead-free system is due to a field-induced antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition and that this effect can be utilized in a wide temperature range.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2008
Creators: Zhang, Shan-Tao and Kounga, Alain Brice and Aulbach, Emil and Jo, Wook and Granzow, Torsten and Ehrenberg, Helmut and Rödel, Jürgen
Title: Lead-free piezoceramics with giant strain in the system Bi[sub 0.5]Na[sub 0.5]TiO[sub 3]–BaTiO[sub 3]–K[sub 0.5]Na[sub 0.5]NbO[sub 3]. II. Temperature dependent properties
Language: English
Abstract:

The temperature dependence of the dielectric and ferroelectric properties of lead-free piezoceramics of the composition (1−x−y)Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3–xBaTiO3–yK0.5Na0.5NbO3 (0.05 <= x <= 0.07, 0.01 <= y <= 0.03) was investigated. Measurements of the polarization and strain hystereses indicate a transition to predominantly antiferroelectric order when heating from room temperature to 150 °C, while for 150<T<200 °C both remnant polarization and coercive field increase. Frequency-dependent susceptibility measurements show that the transition is relaxorlike. For some samples, the transition temperature Td is high enough to allow mostly ferroelectric ordering at room temperature. These samples show a drastic increase of the usable strain under an external electric field just after the transition into the antiferroelectric state at high temperatures. For the other samples, Td is so low that they display significant antiferroelectric ordering already at room temperature. In these samples, the usable strain is relatively stable over a wide temperature range. In contrast to Td, the temperature Tm of the transition into the paraelectric high-temperature phase depends far less on the sample composition. These results confirm that the high strain in this lead-free system is due to a field-induced antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition and that this effect can be utilized in a wide temperature range.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Physics
Volume: 103
Number: 3
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science > Geo-Material-Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis > Subproject A1: Manufacturing of ceramic, textured actuators with high strain
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > B - Characterisation > Subproject B4: In situ investigations of the degradation of intercalation batteries and their modelling
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > D - Component properties > Subproject D1: Mesoscopic and macroscopic fatigue in doped ferroelectric ceramics
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > B - Characterisation
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > D - Component properties
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue
Zentrale Einrichtungen
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2011 11:21
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2838476
Additional Information:

SFB 595 Cooperation A1, B4, D1

Identification Number: doi:10.1063/1.2838476
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