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PMN-PT Ceramics Prepared By Spark Plasma Sintering

Zuo, Ruzhong and Granzow, Torsten and Lupascu, Doru C. and Rödel, Jürgen (2007):
PMN-PT Ceramics Prepared By Spark Plasma Sintering.
In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, pp. 1101-1106, 90, (4), ISSN 0002-7820,
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2007.01533.x],
[Article]

Abstract

(1−x)Pb(Mg1/2Nb2/3)O3−xPbTiO3 (PMN–PT) ceramics of stoichiometric composition were fabricated by conventional pressureless sintering (CS) and spark plasma sintering (SPS). The CS ceramics exhibited a change from relaxor to normal ferroelectric behavior (FE) with increasing PT content. However, low dielectric constants, frequency dispersion, and diffuse phase transition behavior typical for relaxors were obtained for all SPS ceramics. FE and piezoelectric measurements further demonstrated low remanent polarization and strain, high coercive field, and low electromechanical response from SPS materials. Normal dielectric and enhanced FE performance appeared following high-temperature heat treatment after SPS. The effects of grain size, microstructure, and chemical heterogeneity formed during fast sintering are considered.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2007
Creators: Zuo, Ruzhong and Granzow, Torsten and Lupascu, Doru C. and Rödel, Jürgen
Title: PMN-PT Ceramics Prepared By Spark Plasma Sintering
Language: English
Abstract:

(1−x)Pb(Mg1/2Nb2/3)O3−xPbTiO3 (PMN–PT) ceramics of stoichiometric composition were fabricated by conventional pressureless sintering (CS) and spark plasma sintering (SPS). The CS ceramics exhibited a change from relaxor to normal ferroelectric behavior (FE) with increasing PT content. However, low dielectric constants, frequency dispersion, and diffuse phase transition behavior typical for relaxors were obtained for all SPS ceramics. FE and piezoelectric measurements further demonstrated low remanent polarization and strain, high coercive field, and low electromechanical response from SPS materials. Normal dielectric and enhanced FE performance appeared following high-temperature heat treatment after SPS. The effects of grain size, microstructure, and chemical heterogeneity formed during fast sintering are considered.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume: 90
Number: 4
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Nonmetallic-Inorganic Materials
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis > Subproject A1: Manufacturing of ceramic, textured actuators with high strain
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > B - Characterisation > Subproject B5: Model experiments about interactions between ferroelectric domains with point defects and their agglomerates
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > D - Component properties > Subproject D1: Mesoscopic and macroscopic fatigue in doped ferroelectric ceramics
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > A - Synthesis
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > B - Characterisation
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue > D - Component properties
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 595: Electrical fatigue
Zentrale Einrichtungen
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio)
Date Deposited: 18 May 2011 15:20
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2007.01533.x
Additional Information:

SFB 595 Cooperation A1, B5, D1

Identification Number: doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2007.01533.x
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