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Structure and function of the cochlea in the African mole rat (Cryptomys hottentotus): evidence for a low frequency acoustic fovea.

Müller, M. and Laube, Bodo and Burda, H. and Bruns, V. (1992):
Structure and function of the cochlea in the African mole rat (Cryptomys hottentotus): evidence for a low frequency acoustic fovea.
In: Journal of comparative physiology. A, Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology, pp. 469-76, 171, (4), ISSN 0340-7594, [Article]

Abstract

The cochlea of the mole rat Cryptomys hottentotus was investigated with physiological and anatomical methods. In order to reveal the place-frequency map of the cochlea, iontophoretic HRP-applications were made in the cochlear nucleus at physiologically characterized locations. Subsequent HRP-transport in auditory nerve fibres and labeling patterns of spiral ganglion cells within the cochlea were evaluated. A cochlear place-frequency map was constructed from 17 HRP-applications in the cochlear nucleus at positions where neurons had characteristic frequencies between 0.1 and 12.6 kHz. As in other mammals, high frequencies were found to be represented at the cochlear base, low frequencies at the cochlear apex. The place-frequency map had three distinct parts which were characterized by their different slopes. A clear over-representation of the frequencies between 0.6 and 1 kHz was revealed, in this frequency range the slope of the place-frequency map amounted to 5.3 mm/octave. As calculated from the regression analysis, below 0.6 kHz the slope of the cochlear place-frequency map amounted to 0.24 mm/octave, above 1 kHz to 0.9 mm/octave. As in other mammals width of the basilar membrane (BM) increased from the cochlear base towards the cochlear apex. Also in concordance with the findings in other mammals, BM-thickness decreased from the cochlear base to the apex. However, it was remarkable to find that there was no or little change in BM-width and thickness between 40 and 85% BM-length. It was also revealed that scala tympani was only 1/10th the size found in the rat or other mammals of similar body size.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1992
Creators: Müller, M. and Laube, Bodo and Burda, H. and Bruns, V.
Title: Structure and function of the cochlea in the African mole rat (Cryptomys hottentotus): evidence for a low frequency acoustic fovea.
Language: English
Abstract:

The cochlea of the mole rat Cryptomys hottentotus was investigated with physiological and anatomical methods. In order to reveal the place-frequency map of the cochlea, iontophoretic HRP-applications were made in the cochlear nucleus at physiologically characterized locations. Subsequent HRP-transport in auditory nerve fibres and labeling patterns of spiral ganglion cells within the cochlea were evaluated. A cochlear place-frequency map was constructed from 17 HRP-applications in the cochlear nucleus at positions where neurons had characteristic frequencies between 0.1 and 12.6 kHz. As in other mammals, high frequencies were found to be represented at the cochlear base, low frequencies at the cochlear apex. The place-frequency map had three distinct parts which were characterized by their different slopes. A clear over-representation of the frequencies between 0.6 and 1 kHz was revealed, in this frequency range the slope of the place-frequency map amounted to 5.3 mm/octave. As calculated from the regression analysis, below 0.6 kHz the slope of the cochlear place-frequency map amounted to 0.24 mm/octave, above 1 kHz to 0.9 mm/octave. As in other mammals width of the basilar membrane (BM) increased from the cochlear base towards the cochlear apex. Also in concordance with the findings in other mammals, BM-thickness decreased from the cochlear base to the apex. However, it was remarkable to find that there was no or little change in BM-width and thickness between 40 and 85% BM-length. It was also revealed that scala tympani was only 1/10th the size found in the rat or other mammals of similar body size.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of comparative physiology. A, Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology
Volume: 171
Number: 4
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Neurophysiology and Neurosensory Systems
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Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2011 11:33
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