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Selective blocking effects of tropisetron and atropine on recombinant glycine receptors.

Maksay, G. and Laube, Bodo and Betz, H. (1999):
Selective blocking effects of tropisetron and atropine on recombinant glycine receptors.
In: Journal of neurochemistry, pp. 802-6, 73, (2), ISSN 0022-3042, [Article]

Abstract

Some serotonin 5-HT3 receptor ligands of tropeine structure have been recently shown to modulate ionophore function and binding of glycine receptors. This led us to study the effects of the tropeines tropisetron and atropine on recombinant human glycine receptors transiently expressed in Xenopus oocytes by using whole-cell voltage-clamp electrophysiology. Glycine currents were inhibited by atropine in an apparently competitive manner and with considerable selectivity of the tropeines for alpha2 versus alpha1 subunits. Coexpression of beta with alpha subunits and replacement of the N-terminal region of the alpha1 subunits by the corresponding beta segment resulted in similar increases in the inhibitory potencies. Our data suggest common sites of the tropeines for inhibition on the N-terminal region of glycine receptors. The point mutations R271K and R271L of the alpha1 subunit decreased, whereas a T112A substitution increased, the inhibition constants (Ki) of the tropeines. These changes in the Ki values of the tropeines were associated with opposite changes in the EC50 of glycine. Selectivities for the tropeines versus glycine (EC50/Ki) varied within three orders of magnitude. These results, when expressed in terms of free energy changes, can be interpreted according to a two-state receptor model.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1999
Creators: Maksay, G. and Laube, Bodo and Betz, H.
Title: Selective blocking effects of tropisetron and atropine on recombinant glycine receptors.
Language: English
Abstract:

Some serotonin 5-HT3 receptor ligands of tropeine structure have been recently shown to modulate ionophore function and binding of glycine receptors. This led us to study the effects of the tropeines tropisetron and atropine on recombinant human glycine receptors transiently expressed in Xenopus oocytes by using whole-cell voltage-clamp electrophysiology. Glycine currents were inhibited by atropine in an apparently competitive manner and with considerable selectivity of the tropeines for alpha2 versus alpha1 subunits. Coexpression of beta with alpha subunits and replacement of the N-terminal region of the alpha1 subunits by the corresponding beta segment resulted in similar increases in the inhibitory potencies. Our data suggest common sites of the tropeines for inhibition on the N-terminal region of glycine receptors. The point mutations R271K and R271L of the alpha1 subunit decreased, whereas a T112A substitution increased, the inhibition constants (Ki) of the tropeines. These changes in the Ki values of the tropeines were associated with opposite changes in the EC50 of glycine. Selectivities for the tropeines versus glycine (EC50/Ki) varied within three orders of magnitude. These results, when expressed in terms of free energy changes, can be interpreted according to a two-state receptor model.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of neurochemistry
Volume: 73
Number: 2
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
10 Department of Biology > Neurophysiology and Neurosensory Systems
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Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2011 13:32
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