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Two genes encoding gas vacuole proteins in Halobacterium halobium.

Horne, M. and Englert, C. and Pfeifer, Felicitas (1988):
Two genes encoding gas vacuole proteins in Halobacterium halobium.
In: Molecular & general genetics : MGG, 213 (2-3), pp. 459-64. ISSN 0026-8925,
[Article]

Abstract

The archaebacterium Halobacterium halobium contains two related gas vacuole protein-encoding genes (vac). One of these genes encodes a protein of 76 amino acids and resides on the major plasmid. The second gene is located on the chromosome in a (G + C)-rich DNA fraction and encodes a slightly larger but highly homologous protein consisting of 79 amino acids. The plasmid encoded vac gene is transcribed constitutively throughout the growth cycle while the chromosomal vac gene is expressed during the stationary phase of growth. Comparison of the nucleotide sequences of the two genes indicates differences in the putative promoter regions as well as 35 single base-pair exchanges within the coding regions of the two genes. The majority of the nucleotide exchanges in the coding region occur in the third position of a codon triplet generating the codon synonym. The only differences between the two encoded proteins are the exchange of 2 amino acids (positions 8 and 29) and a deletion of 3 amino acids near the carboxy-terminus of the plasmid encoded vac protein. The genomic DNAs from other halobacterial isolates (Halobacterium sp. SB3, GN101 and YC819-9) were found to contain only a chromosomal vac gene copy. There is a high conservation of the chromosomal vac gene and the genomic region surrounding it among the halobacterial strains investigated.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1988
Creators: Horne, M. and Englert, C. and Pfeifer, Felicitas
Title: Two genes encoding gas vacuole proteins in Halobacterium halobium.
Language: English
Abstract:

The archaebacterium Halobacterium halobium contains two related gas vacuole protein-encoding genes (vac). One of these genes encodes a protein of 76 amino acids and resides on the major plasmid. The second gene is located on the chromosome in a (G + C)-rich DNA fraction and encodes a slightly larger but highly homologous protein consisting of 79 amino acids. The plasmid encoded vac gene is transcribed constitutively throughout the growth cycle while the chromosomal vac gene is expressed during the stationary phase of growth. Comparison of the nucleotide sequences of the two genes indicates differences in the putative promoter regions as well as 35 single base-pair exchanges within the coding regions of the two genes. The majority of the nucleotide exchanges in the coding region occur in the third position of a codon triplet generating the codon synonym. The only differences between the two encoded proteins are the exchange of 2 amino acids (positions 8 and 29) and a deletion of 3 amino acids near the carboxy-terminus of the plasmid encoded vac protein. The genomic DNAs from other halobacterial isolates (Halobacterium sp. SB3, GN101 and YC819-9) were found to contain only a chromosomal vac gene copy. There is a high conservation of the chromosomal vac gene and the genomic region surrounding it among the halobacterial strains investigated.

Journal or Publication Title: Molecular & general genetics : MGG
Journal volume: 213
Number: 2-3
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology > Microbiology and Archaea
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10 Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2011 13:12
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