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Dynamic plasmid populations in Halobacterium halobium.

Pfeifer, F. and Blaseio, U. and Ghahraman, P. :
Dynamic plasmid populations in Halobacterium halobium.
In: Journal of bacteriology, 170 (8) pp. 3718-24. ISSN 0021-9193
[Article] , (1988)

Abstract

Deletion events occurring in the major 150-kilobase-pair (kb) plasmid pHH1 of the archaebacterium Halobacterium halobium were investigated. We found four deletion derivatives of pHH1 in gas-vacuole-negative mutants, two of which (pHH23) [65 kb] and pHH4 [36 kb]) we analyzed. Both plasmids incurred more than one deletion, leading to the fusion of noncontiguous pHH1 sequences. pHH23 and pHH4 overlapped by only 4 kb of DNA sequence. A DNA fragment derived from this region was used to monitor the production of further deletion variants of pHH4. A total of 25 single colonies were characterized, 23 of which contained various smaller pHH4 derivatives. Of the 25 colonies investigated, 2 had lost pHH4 entirely and contained only large (greater than or equal to 100-kb) minor covalently closed circular DNAs. One colony contained the 17-kb deletion derivative pHH6 without any residual pHH4. The sizes of the pHH4 deletion derivatives, produced during the development of a single colony, ranged from 5 to 20 kb. In five colonies, pHH4 was altered by the integration of an additional insertion element. These insertions, as well as copies of the various insertion elements already present in pHH4, presumably serve as hot spots for recombination events which result in deletions. A second enrichment procedure led to the identification of colonies containing either a 16-kb (pHH7) or a 5-kb (pHH8) deletion derivative of pHH4 as the major plasmid. pHH8, the smallest plasmid found, contained the 4 kb of unique DNA sequence shared by pHH23 and pHH4, as well as some flanking pHH4 sequences. This result indicates that the 4-kb region contains the necessary sequences for plasmid maintenance and replication.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1988
Creators: Pfeifer, F. and Blaseio, U. and Ghahraman, P.
Title: Dynamic plasmid populations in Halobacterium halobium.
Language: English
Abstract:

Deletion events occurring in the major 150-kilobase-pair (kb) plasmid pHH1 of the archaebacterium Halobacterium halobium were investigated. We found four deletion derivatives of pHH1 in gas-vacuole-negative mutants, two of which (pHH23) [65 kb] and pHH4 [36 kb]) we analyzed. Both plasmids incurred more than one deletion, leading to the fusion of noncontiguous pHH1 sequences. pHH23 and pHH4 overlapped by only 4 kb of DNA sequence. A DNA fragment derived from this region was used to monitor the production of further deletion variants of pHH4. A total of 25 single colonies were characterized, 23 of which contained various smaller pHH4 derivatives. Of the 25 colonies investigated, 2 had lost pHH4 entirely and contained only large (greater than or equal to 100-kb) minor covalently closed circular DNAs. One colony contained the 17-kb deletion derivative pHH6 without any residual pHH4. The sizes of the pHH4 deletion derivatives, produced during the development of a single colony, ranged from 5 to 20 kb. In five colonies, pHH4 was altered by the integration of an additional insertion element. These insertions, as well as copies of the various insertion elements already present in pHH4, presumably serve as hot spots for recombination events which result in deletions. A second enrichment procedure led to the identification of colonies containing either a 16-kb (pHH7) or a 5-kb (pHH8) deletion derivative of pHH4 as the major plasmid. pHH8, the smallest plasmid found, contained the 4 kb of unique DNA sequence shared by pHH23 and pHH4, as well as some flanking pHH4 sequences. This result indicates that the 4-kb region contains the necessary sequences for plasmid maintenance and replication.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of bacteriology
Volume: 170
Number: 8
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology > Microbiology and Archaea
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10 Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2011 13:11
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