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Insertion elements and deletion formation in a halophilic archaebacterium.

Pfeifer, F. and Blaseio, U. :
Insertion elements and deletion formation in a halophilic archaebacterium.
In: Journal of bacteriology, 171 (9) pp. 5135-40. ISSN 0021-9193
[Article] , (1989)

Abstract

Deletion events that occur spontaneously in 36-kilobase-pair (kbp) plasmid pHH4 from the archaebacterium Halobacterium halobium were investigated. Four different deletion derivatives with sizes ranging from 5.7 to 17 kbp were isolated. Three of these deletion variants derived from pHH4 (pHH6 [17 kbp], pHH7 [16 kbp], and pHH8 [6.3 kbp]), whereas the 5.7-kbp plasmid pHH9 derived from pHH6. Strains containing pHH6, pHH7, or pHH9 each lacked the parental plasmid pHH4, while pHH8 occurred at a 1:1 ratio together with pHH4. Common to all of these plasmids was the 5.7-kbp region of pHH9 DNA. The regions containing the fusion site in the deletion derivatives were investigated and compared with the corresponding area of the parental plasmid. Each deletion occurred exactly at the terminus of an insertion element. In pHH6 and pHH7, a halobacterial insertion element (ISH2) was located at the deletion site. The DNA fused to ISH2 displayed a 7-base-pair (bp) (pHH7) or 10-bp (pHH6) sequence homology to the inverted repeat of ISH2. In the two smaller plasmids, pHH8 and pHH9, an ISH27 element was located at the deletion site. Most likely, all of these smaller plasmids resulted from an intramolecular transposition event. The ISH27 insertion sequence contains a 16-bp terminal inverted repeat and duplicates 5 bp of target DNA during the transposition with the specificity 5'ANNNT3'. Four ISH27 copies were analyzed, and two ISH27 element types were identified that have approximately 85% sequence similarity. The ISH27 insertion elements constitute a family which is related to the ISH51 family characterized for H. volcanii, another halophilic archaebacterium.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1989
Creators: Pfeifer, F. and Blaseio, U.
Title: Insertion elements and deletion formation in a halophilic archaebacterium.
Language: English
Abstract:

Deletion events that occur spontaneously in 36-kilobase-pair (kbp) plasmid pHH4 from the archaebacterium Halobacterium halobium were investigated. Four different deletion derivatives with sizes ranging from 5.7 to 17 kbp were isolated. Three of these deletion variants derived from pHH4 (pHH6 [17 kbp], pHH7 [16 kbp], and pHH8 [6.3 kbp]), whereas the 5.7-kbp plasmid pHH9 derived from pHH6. Strains containing pHH6, pHH7, or pHH9 each lacked the parental plasmid pHH4, while pHH8 occurred at a 1:1 ratio together with pHH4. Common to all of these plasmids was the 5.7-kbp region of pHH9 DNA. The regions containing the fusion site in the deletion derivatives were investigated and compared with the corresponding area of the parental plasmid. Each deletion occurred exactly at the terminus of an insertion element. In pHH6 and pHH7, a halobacterial insertion element (ISH2) was located at the deletion site. The DNA fused to ISH2 displayed a 7-base-pair (bp) (pHH7) or 10-bp (pHH6) sequence homology to the inverted repeat of ISH2. In the two smaller plasmids, pHH8 and pHH9, an ISH27 element was located at the deletion site. Most likely, all of these smaller plasmids resulted from an intramolecular transposition event. The ISH27 insertion sequence contains a 16-bp terminal inverted repeat and duplicates 5 bp of target DNA during the transposition with the specificity 5'ANNNT3'. Four ISH27 copies were analyzed, and two ISH27 element types were identified that have approximately 85% sequence similarity. The ISH27 insertion elements constitute a family which is related to the ISH51 family characterized for H. volcanii, another halophilic archaebacterium.

Journal or Publication Title: Journal of bacteriology
Volume: 171
Number: 9
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology > Microbiology and Archaea
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10 Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2011 13:08
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