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B/C/N materials and B4C synthesized by a non-oxide sol-gel process

Völger, Karl-Wolfgang ; Kroke, Edwin ; Gervais, C. ; Saito, T. ; Babonneau, F. ; Riedel, Ralf ; Iwamoto, Y. ; Hirayama, T. :
B/C/N materials and B4C synthesized by a non-oxide sol-gel process.
In: Chemistry of materials, 15 (3) pp. 755-764.
[Artikel], (2003)

Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract)

B-trichloroborazene B3N3H3Cl3 reacts with bis(trimethylsilyl)carbodiimide Me3Si-NCNSiMe3 in THF or toluene, or without any solvent, to form non-oxide gels. The xerogels, amorphous B/C/N materials, and (semi)crystalline pyrolysis products were characterized using infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy, 11B- and 15N-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and elemental analysis. In addition, the pyrolysis process was investigated through thermal gravimetry coupled with mass spectrometry (TG-MS). The xerogels consist of a three-dimensional polymeric network of borazene rings linked by carbodiimide groups. Interestingly, the sol-gel transition is phenomenologically analogous to oxide systems and the polymers are almost free of chlorine and trimethylsilyl endgroups. Pyrolysis at 1200 °C provides an amorphous ceramic with the composition BC0.23N1.1Si0.05H0.09 � B4CN4. This material starts to crystallize around 1600 °C under evolution of nitrogen, forming nearly pure B4C at 2000 °C. Very small amounts of amorphous carbon as well as carbon nanotubes were also present.

Typ des Eintrags: Artikel
Erschienen: 2003
Autor(en): Völger, Karl-Wolfgang ; Kroke, Edwin ; Gervais, C. ; Saito, T. ; Babonneau, F. ; Riedel, Ralf ; Iwamoto, Y. ; Hirayama, T.
Titel: B/C/N materials and B4C synthesized by a non-oxide sol-gel process
Sprache: Englisch
Kurzbeschreibung (Abstract):

B-trichloroborazene B3N3H3Cl3 reacts with bis(trimethylsilyl)carbodiimide Me3Si-NCNSiMe3 in THF or toluene, or without any solvent, to form non-oxide gels. The xerogels, amorphous B/C/N materials, and (semi)crystalline pyrolysis products were characterized using infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy, 11B- and 15N-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and elemental analysis. In addition, the pyrolysis process was investigated through thermal gravimetry coupled with mass spectrometry (TG-MS). The xerogels consist of a three-dimensional polymeric network of borazene rings linked by carbodiimide groups. Interestingly, the sol-gel transition is phenomenologically analogous to oxide systems and the polymers are almost free of chlorine and trimethylsilyl endgroups. Pyrolysis at 1200 °C provides an amorphous ceramic with the composition BC0.23N1.1Si0.05H0.09 � B4CN4. This material starts to crystallize around 1600 °C under evolution of nitrogen, forming nearly pure B4C at 2000 °C. Very small amounts of amorphous carbon as well as carbon nanotubes were also present.

Titel der Zeitschrift, Zeitung oder Schriftenreihe: Chemistry of materials
Band: 15
(Heft-)Nummer: 3
Verlag: ACS Publications
Fachbereich(e)/-gebiet(e): Fachbereich Material- und Geowissenschaften > Materialwissenschaften > Disperse Feststoffe, Dispersive Solids
Fachbereich Material- und Geowissenschaften > Materialwissenschaften
Fachbereich Material- und Geowissenschaften
Hinterlegungsdatum: 19 Nov 2008 15:59
Sponsoren: We gratefully acknowledge financial support from Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, Bonn) through the project Kr1739/5-1 and the Fonds der Chemischen Industrie (FCI, Frankfurt). K.W.V. acknowledges a HSP III fellowship for Japan by the German Academic, Exchange Service (DAAD), Bonn, Germany. E.K. is grateful to F. Lange (University of California, Santa Barbara, CA) for his support and to the Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation (Bonn) for granting a Feodor Lynen Fellowship.
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