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The single cysteine residue of the Sud protein is required for its function as a polysulfide-sulfur transferase in Wolinella succinogenes.

Klimmek, O. and Steiner, T. and Pisa, R. and Simon, J. and Kröger, A. (1999):
The single cysteine residue of the Sud protein is required for its function as a polysulfide-sulfur transferase in Wolinella succinogenes.
In: European journal of biochemistry / FEBS, pp. 79-84, 263, (1), ISSN 0014-2956, [Article]

Abstract

The periplasmic Sud protein which is induced in Wolinella succinogenes growing by polysulfide respiration, has been previously proposed to serve as a polysulfide binding protein and to transfer polysulfide-sulfur to the active site of polysulfide reductase [Klimmek, O, Kreis, V., Klein, C., Simon, J., Wittershagen, A. & Kröger, A. (1998) Eur. J. Biochem. 253, 263-269.]. The results presented in this communication suggest that polysulfide-sulfur is covalently bound to the single cysteine residue (Cys109) of the Sud monomer, and that Cys109 is required for tight binding of polysulfide-sulfur and for sulfur transfer. A modified Sud protein [(C109S)Sud-His6] in which the cysteine residue was replaced by serine, did not catalyze sulfur transfer from polysulfide to cyanide and did not stimulate electron transport to polysulfide, in contrast to Sud-His6. The polysulfide-sulfur bound to (C109S)Sud-His6 was fully removed upon dialysis against sulfide. After this treatment, Sud-His6 retained one sulfur atom per monomer; thiocyanate was formed upon addition of cyanide to the preparation. After incubation of Sud-His6 with polysulfide, a proportion of the Sud-His6 monomers carried one or two sulfur atoms, as shown by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry. The sulfur atoms were absent from monomers derived from Sud-His6 treated with cyanide and from (C109S)Sud-His6 incubated with polysulfide.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 1999
Creators: Klimmek, O. and Steiner, T. and Pisa, R. and Simon, J. and Kröger, A.
Title: The single cysteine residue of the Sud protein is required for its function as a polysulfide-sulfur transferase in Wolinella succinogenes.
Language: English
Abstract:

The periplasmic Sud protein which is induced in Wolinella succinogenes growing by polysulfide respiration, has been previously proposed to serve as a polysulfide binding protein and to transfer polysulfide-sulfur to the active site of polysulfide reductase [Klimmek, O, Kreis, V., Klein, C., Simon, J., Wittershagen, A. & Kröger, A. (1998) Eur. J. Biochem. 253, 263-269.]. The results presented in this communication suggest that polysulfide-sulfur is covalently bound to the single cysteine residue (Cys109) of the Sud monomer, and that Cys109 is required for tight binding of polysulfide-sulfur and for sulfur transfer. A modified Sud protein [(C109S)Sud-His6] in which the cysteine residue was replaced by serine, did not catalyze sulfur transfer from polysulfide to cyanide and did not stimulate electron transport to polysulfide, in contrast to Sud-His6. The polysulfide-sulfur bound to (C109S)Sud-His6 was fully removed upon dialysis against sulfide. After this treatment, Sud-His6 retained one sulfur atom per monomer; thiocyanate was formed upon addition of cyanide to the preparation. After incubation of Sud-His6 with polysulfide, a proportion of the Sud-His6 monomers carried one or two sulfur atoms, as shown by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry. The sulfur atoms were absent from monomers derived from Sud-His6 treated with cyanide and from (C109S)Sud-His6 incubated with polysulfide.

Journal or Publication Title: European journal of biochemistry / FEBS
Volume: 263
Number: 1
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology > Microbial Energy Conversion and Biotechnology
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10 Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2010 15:06
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