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The tolerance to exchanges of the Watson Crick base pair in the hammerhead ribozyme core is determined by surrounding elements.

Przybilski, Rita and Hammann, Christian (2007):
The tolerance to exchanges of the Watson Crick base pair in the hammerhead ribozyme core is determined by surrounding elements.
In: RNA, pp. 1625-30, 13, (10), ISSN 1355-8382, [Article]

Abstract

Tertiary interacting elements are important features of functional RNA molecules, for example, in all small nucleolytic ribozymes. The recent crystal structure of a tertiary stabilized type I hammerhead ribozyme revealed a conventional Watson-Crick base pair in the catalytic core, formed between nucleotides C3 and G8. We show that any Watson-Crick base pair between these positions retains cleavage competence in two type III ribozymes. In the Arabidopsis thaliana sequence, only moderate differences in cleavage rates are observed for the different base pairs, while the peach latent mosaic viroid (PLMVd) ribozyme exhibits a preference for a pyrimidine at position 3 and a purine at position 8. To understand these differences, we created a series of chimeric ribozymes in which we swapped sequence elements that surround the catalytic core. The kinetic characterization of the resulting ribozymes revealed that the tertiary interacting loop sequences of the PLMVd ribozyme are sufficient to induce the preference for Y3-R8 base pairs in the A. thaliana hammerhead ribozyme. In contrast to this, only when the entire stem-loops I and II of the A. thaliana sequences are grafted on the PLMVd ribozyme is any Watson-Crick base pair similarly tolerated. The data provide evidence for a complex interplay of secondary and tertiary structure elements that lead, mediated by long-range effects, to an individual modulation of the local structure in the catalytic core of different hammerhead ribozymes.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2007
Creators: Przybilski, Rita and Hammann, Christian
Title: The tolerance to exchanges of the Watson Crick base pair in the hammerhead ribozyme core is determined by surrounding elements.
Language: English
Abstract:

Tertiary interacting elements are important features of functional RNA molecules, for example, in all small nucleolytic ribozymes. The recent crystal structure of a tertiary stabilized type I hammerhead ribozyme revealed a conventional Watson-Crick base pair in the catalytic core, formed between nucleotides C3 and G8. We show that any Watson-Crick base pair between these positions retains cleavage competence in two type III ribozymes. In the Arabidopsis thaliana sequence, only moderate differences in cleavage rates are observed for the different base pairs, while the peach latent mosaic viroid (PLMVd) ribozyme exhibits a preference for a pyrimidine at position 3 and a purine at position 8. To understand these differences, we created a series of chimeric ribozymes in which we swapped sequence elements that surround the catalytic core. The kinetic characterization of the resulting ribozymes revealed that the tertiary interacting loop sequences of the PLMVd ribozyme are sufficient to induce the preference for Y3-R8 base pairs in the A. thaliana hammerhead ribozyme. In contrast to this, only when the entire stem-loops I and II of the A. thaliana sequences are grafted on the PLMVd ribozyme is any Watson-Crick base pair similarly tolerated. The data provide evidence for a complex interplay of secondary and tertiary structure elements that lead, mediated by long-range effects, to an individual modulation of the local structure in the catalytic core of different hammerhead ribozymes.

Journal or Publication Title: RNA
Volume: 13
Number: 10
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology
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10 Department of Biology > Ribogenetics
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2010 12:35
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