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A mycorrhizal-specific ammonium transporter from Lotus japonicus acquires nitrogen released by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.

Guether, Mike and Neuhäuser, Benjamin and Balestrini, Raffaella and Dynowski, Marek and Ludewig, Uwe and Bonfante, Paola :
A mycorrhizal-specific ammonium transporter from Lotus japonicus acquires nitrogen released by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
In: Plant physiology, 150 (1) pp. 73-83. ISSN 0032-0889
[Article] , (2009)

Abstract

In mycorrhizal associations, the fungal partner assists its plant host by providing nitrogen (N) in addition to phosphate. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi have access to inorganic or organic forms of N and translocate them via arginine from the extra- to the intraradical mycelium, where the N is transferred to the plant without any carbon skeleton. However, the molecular form in which N is transferred, as well as the involved mechanisms, is still under debate. NH(4)(+) seems to be the preferential transferred molecule, but no plant ammonium transporter (AMT) has been identified so far. Here, we offer evidence of a plant AMT that is involved in N uptake during mycorrhiza symbiosis. The gene LjAMT2;2, which has been shown to be the highest up-regulated gene in a transcriptomic analysis of Lotus japonicus roots upon colonization with Gigaspora margarita, has been characterized as a high-affinity AMT belonging to the AMT2 subfamily. It is exclusively expressed in the mycorrhizal roots, but not in the nodules, and transcripts have preferentially been located in the arbusculated cells. Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) mutant complementation has confirmed its functionality and revealed its dependency on acidic pH. The transport experiments using Xenopus laevis oocytes indicated that, unlike other plant AMTs, LjAMT2;2 transports NH(3) instead of NH(4)(+). Our results suggest that the transporter binds charged ammonium in the apoplastic interfacial compartment and releases the uncharged NH(3) into the plant cytoplasm. The implications of such a finding are discussed in the context of AM functioning and plant phosphorus uptake.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2009
Creators: Guether, Mike and Neuhäuser, Benjamin and Balestrini, Raffaella and Dynowski, Marek and Ludewig, Uwe and Bonfante, Paola
Title: A mycorrhizal-specific ammonium transporter from Lotus japonicus acquires nitrogen released by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
Language: English
Abstract:

In mycorrhizal associations, the fungal partner assists its plant host by providing nitrogen (N) in addition to phosphate. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi have access to inorganic or organic forms of N and translocate them via arginine from the extra- to the intraradical mycelium, where the N is transferred to the plant without any carbon skeleton. However, the molecular form in which N is transferred, as well as the involved mechanisms, is still under debate. NH(4)(+) seems to be the preferential transferred molecule, but no plant ammonium transporter (AMT) has been identified so far. Here, we offer evidence of a plant AMT that is involved in N uptake during mycorrhiza symbiosis. The gene LjAMT2;2, which has been shown to be the highest up-regulated gene in a transcriptomic analysis of Lotus japonicus roots upon colonization with Gigaspora margarita, has been characterized as a high-affinity AMT belonging to the AMT2 subfamily. It is exclusively expressed in the mycorrhizal roots, but not in the nodules, and transcripts have preferentially been located in the arbusculated cells. Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) mutant complementation has confirmed its functionality and revealed its dependency on acidic pH. The transport experiments using Xenopus laevis oocytes indicated that, unlike other plant AMTs, LjAMT2;2 transports NH(3) instead of NH(4)(+). Our results suggest that the transporter binds charged ammonium in the apoplastic interfacial compartment and releases the uncharged NH(3) into the plant cytoplasm. The implications of such a finding are discussed in the context of AM functioning and plant phosphorus uptake.

Journal or Publication Title: Plant physiology
Volume: 150
Number: 1
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology > Plant Nutrition and Biomass
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10 Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2010 13:09
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