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The dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase from the crenarchaeon Acidianus ambivalens.

Batista, Ana P. and Kletzin, Arnulf and Pereira, Manuela M. (2008):
The dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase from the crenarchaeon Acidianus ambivalens.
In: FEMS microbiology letters, pp. 147-54, 281, (2), ISSN 0378-1097,
[Article]

Abstract

A dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (DLDH) was purified and characterized for the first time from a crenarchaeon, Acidianus ambivalens. The holoenzyme consists of two identical subunits with a molecular mass of 45.4 kDa per monomer. It contains FAD as a prosthetic group and uses NAD+ as the preferential substrate, but can also reduce NADP+. The Michaelis-Menten constants of the forward (NAD+ reduction) and reverse (NADH oxidation) reactions were KM (dihydrolipoamide)=0.70 mM, KM (NAD+)=0.71 mM, KM (lipoamide)=1.26 mM and KM (NADH)=3.15 microM. A comparative study of NADH:lipoamide oxidoreductase and NADH:K3[Fe(CN)6] oxidoreductase activities was performed, the optimal temperature and pH being different for each: 55 degrees C, pH 7 and 89 degrees C, pH 5.5, respectively. Although DLDH is generally part of the alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes in Bacteria and Eukarya, none of these complexes has yet been isolated from Sulfolobales. The metabolic role of DLDH in these organisms is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2008
Creators: Batista, Ana P. and Kletzin, Arnulf and Pereira, Manuela M.
Title: The dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase from the crenarchaeon Acidianus ambivalens.
Language: English
Abstract:

A dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (DLDH) was purified and characterized for the first time from a crenarchaeon, Acidianus ambivalens. The holoenzyme consists of two identical subunits with a molecular mass of 45.4 kDa per monomer. It contains FAD as a prosthetic group and uses NAD+ as the preferential substrate, but can also reduce NADP+. The Michaelis-Menten constants of the forward (NAD+ reduction) and reverse (NADH oxidation) reactions were KM (dihydrolipoamide)=0.70 mM, KM (NAD+)=0.71 mM, KM (lipoamide)=1.26 mM and KM (NADH)=3.15 microM. A comparative study of NADH:lipoamide oxidoreductase and NADH:K3[Fe(CN)6] oxidoreductase activities was performed, the optimal temperature and pH being different for each: 55 degrees C, pH 7 and 89 degrees C, pH 5.5, respectively. Although DLDH is generally part of the alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes in Bacteria and Eukarya, none of these complexes has yet been isolated from Sulfolobales. The metabolic role of DLDH in these organisms is discussed.

Journal or Publication Title: FEMS microbiology letters
Volume: 281
Number: 2
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology > Sulfur Biochemistry and Microbial Bioenergetics
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10 Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2009 10:28
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