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Sensitivity analysis of Hamiltonian and reversible systems prone to dissipation-induced instabilities.

Kirillov, O. N. Tyrtyshnikov, E. and Olshevsky, V. (eds.) (2009):
Sensitivity analysis of Hamiltonian and reversible systems prone to dissipation-induced instabilities.
In: Matrix Methods : Theory, Algorithms and Applications, World Scientific, pp. 31-68, [Online-Edition: http://www.worldscibooks.com/mathematics/7070.html],
[Book Section]

Abstract

Stability of a linear autonomous non-conservative system in the presence of potential, gyroscopic, dissipative, and non-conservative positional forces is studied. The cases when the non-conservative system is close either to a gyroscopic system or to a circulatory one, are examined. It is known that marginal stability of gyroscopic and circulatory systems can be destroyed or improved up to asymptotic stability due to action of small non-conservative positional and velocity-dependent forces. We show that in both cases the boundary of the asymptotic stability domain of the perturbed system possesses singularities such as łqłq Dihedral angle", łqłq Break of an edge" and łqłq Whitney's umbrella" that govern stabilization and destabilization as well as are responsible for the imperfect merging of modes. Sensitivity analysis of the critical parameters is performed with the use of the perturbation theory for eigenvalues and eigenvectors of non-self-adjoint operators. In case of two degrees of freedom, stability boundary is found in terms of the invariants of matrices of the system. Bifurcation of the stability domain due to change of the structure of the damping matrix is described. As a mechanical example, the Hauger gyropendulum is analyzed in detail; an instability mechanism in a general mechanical system with two degrees of freedom, which originates after discretization of models of a rotating disc in frictional contact and possesses the spectral mesh in the plane 'frequency' versus 'angular velocity', is analytically described and its role in the excitation of vibrations in the squealing disc brake and in the singing wine glass is discussed.

Item Type: Book Section
Erschienen: 2009
Editors: Tyrtyshnikov, E. and Olshevsky, V.
Creators: Kirillov, O. N.
Title: Sensitivity analysis of Hamiltonian and reversible systems prone to dissipation-induced instabilities.
Language: English
Abstract:

Stability of a linear autonomous non-conservative system in the presence of potential, gyroscopic, dissipative, and non-conservative positional forces is studied. The cases when the non-conservative system is close either to a gyroscopic system or to a circulatory one, are examined. It is known that marginal stability of gyroscopic and circulatory systems can be destroyed or improved up to asymptotic stability due to action of small non-conservative positional and velocity-dependent forces. We show that in both cases the boundary of the asymptotic stability domain of the perturbed system possesses singularities such as łqłq Dihedral angle", łqłq Break of an edge" and łqłq Whitney's umbrella" that govern stabilization and destabilization as well as are responsible for the imperfect merging of modes. Sensitivity analysis of the critical parameters is performed with the use of the perturbation theory for eigenvalues and eigenvectors of non-self-adjoint operators. In case of two degrees of freedom, stability boundary is found in terms of the invariants of matrices of the system. Bifurcation of the stability domain due to change of the structure of the damping matrix is described. As a mechanical example, the Hauger gyropendulum is analyzed in detail; an instability mechanism in a general mechanical system with two degrees of freedom, which originates after discretization of models of a rotating disc in frictional contact and possesses the spectral mesh in the plane 'frequency' versus 'angular velocity', is analytically described and its role in the excitation of vibrations in the squealing disc brake and in the singing wine glass is discussed.

Title of Book: Matrix Methods : Theory, Algorithms and Applications
Publisher: World Scientific
Divisions: 16 Department of Mechanical Engineering
16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Dynamics and Vibrations
Event Title: Matrix methods: theory, algorithms, applications
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2009 12:10
Official URL: http://www.worldscibooks.com/mathematics/7070.html
Additional Information:

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dynamics group

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