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Formation of nanocrystalline titanium carbonitride by pyrolysis of poly(titanylcarbodiimide)

Lichtenberger, O. ; Pippel, E. ; Woltersdorf, J. ; Riedel, Ralf (2003):
Formation of nanocrystalline titanium carbonitride by pyrolysis of poly(titanylcarbodiimide).
In: Materials chemistry and physics, 81 (1), pp. 195-201. Elsevier, [Article]

Abstract

The chemical formation of advanced ceramics from organometallic precursors is promising with respect to structural design and tailormade properties. We report on the synthesis of nanocrystalline titanium carbonitride materials at different pyrolysis temperatures via the polymer-to-ceramic transformation of synthesised poly(titanylcarbodiimides) and their structural and nanochemical characterization using high-resolution and analytical electron microscopy, in combination with quantummechanical calculations. Pyrolysis at 800 °C leads to a mixture of amorphous carbon and titanium nitride as crystalline particles of about 4 nm in size. Pyrolysis at 1100 °C yields titanium carbonitride as crystalline particles of 20–30 nm in size. The identification of all phases was possible by the analysis of the measured energy-loss near-edge spectra of their C–K and N–K edges, and comparison with measured standards and with simulated fine structures using calculations based on the density functional theory.

Item Type: Article
Erschienen: 2003
Creators: Lichtenberger, O. ; Pippel, E. ; Woltersdorf, J. ; Riedel, Ralf
Title: Formation of nanocrystalline titanium carbonitride by pyrolysis of poly(titanylcarbodiimide)
Language: English
Abstract:

The chemical formation of advanced ceramics from organometallic precursors is promising with respect to structural design and tailormade properties. We report on the synthesis of nanocrystalline titanium carbonitride materials at different pyrolysis temperatures via the polymer-to-ceramic transformation of synthesised poly(titanylcarbodiimides) and their structural and nanochemical characterization using high-resolution and analytical electron microscopy, in combination with quantummechanical calculations. Pyrolysis at 800 °C leads to a mixture of amorphous carbon and titanium nitride as crystalline particles of about 4 nm in size. Pyrolysis at 1100 °C yields titanium carbonitride as crystalline particles of 20–30 nm in size. The identification of all phases was possible by the analysis of the measured energy-loss near-edge spectra of their C–K and N–K edges, and comparison with measured standards and with simulated fine structures using calculations based on the density functional theory.

Journal or Publication Title: Materials chemistry and physics
Journal volume: 81
Number: 1
Publisher: Elsevier
Uncontrolled Keywords: Organometallic precursors, Preceramic polymers, Titanium carbonitride, High-resolution electron microscopy, Electron energy-loss spectroscopy, Energy-loss near-edge structure
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Dispersive Solids
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2008 08:16
License: [undefiniert]
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